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Xylometazoline nasal spray (nasal decongestant)

Xylometazoline nasal spray is a nasal decongestant that can be purchased over the counter in several countries. Currently, it is not available in the Philippines or USA.

Uses

What is xylometazoline nasal spray used for?

This product relieves nasal congestion or stuffy nose caused by allergies, colds, and pollution. By removing congestion, it is easier to breathe, hear, and sleep.

How should I take xylometazoline nasal spray?

Read the directions on the packaging for complete information. Check the label and expiration date.

Remove the cap and press down on the applicator until an even spray is released. Using a tissue, blow your nose gently to clear out any excess mucus. Carefully insert the nozzle into one nostril and press down on the applicator and inhale the spray deeply. Repeat this step in the other nostril. Once you are done, wipe the nozzle with a clean tissue, replace the cap, and store it in the proper place.

How do I store xylometazoline nasal spray?

Store this product at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store it in the bathroom or the freezer.

There may be different brands of this drug that may have different storage needs. So, it is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush this product down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Additionally, it is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & Warnings

What should I know before using xylometazoline nasal spray?

Before using this drug, tell your doctor if you are/have:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Taking any other medicines. This includes any prescription, OTC, and herbal remedies.
  • An allergy to any of the ingredients of this product.
  • Any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breast-feeding?

Unfortunately, there isn’t enough information about the safety of using this drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking any medication.

Side Effects

What side effects can occur from xylometazoline nasal spray?

Like all drugs, this product may have side effects. If they occur, side effects are generally mild and resolve once treatment is finished or the dose is lowered. Some reported side effects include:

  • Temporary burning or stinging
  • Dry nostrils
  • Sneezing
  • Severe allergic reactions
  • Chest pain
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Nervousness
  • Severe or persistent headache
  • Tremor

However, not everyone experiences these side effects. In addition, some people may experience other side effects. So, if you have any concerns about a side effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with xylometazoline nasal spray?

This medication may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects.

To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist.

Drugs with known interactions:

  • MAOIs
  • Other decongestants
  • Sympathomimetic agents
  • Tricyclic antidepressants

If you experience an adverse drug interaction, inform your doctor immediately to reevaluate your treatment plan. Approaches include dose adjustment, drug substitution, or ending therapy.

Does food or alcohol interact with xylometazoline nasal spray?

This drug may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with xylometazoline nasal spray?

This drug may interact with underlying conditions. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. Therefore, it is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. Therefore, you should always consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using any medication.

What is the dose for an adult?

The usual recommended dose for adults is one spray in each nostril 1 to 3 times a day. Do not use longer than 5 days.

What is the dose for a child?

There is no established pediatric dose for children under 6 years. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is xylometazoline nasal spray available?

Xylometazoline nasal spray is not available in the Philippines.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Xylometazoline https://www.mims.com/singapore/drug/info/xylometazoline?mtype=generic Accessed July 27, 2021

Xylometazoline https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Xylometazoline Accessed July 27, 2021

Development of a nasal spray containing xylometazoline hydrochloride and iota-carrageenan for the symptomatic relief of nasal congestion caused by rhinitis and sinusitis https://www.dovepress.com/development-of-a-nasal-spray-containing-xylometazoline-hydrochloride-a-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-IJGM Accessed July 27, 2021

Xylometazoline Hydrochloride Nasal Solution USP 43. Lexi-Drugs. Lexicomp. Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Riverwoods, IL. Accessed July 27, 2021. http://online.lexi.com

Xylometazoline Hydrochloride. Lexi-Drugs. Lexicomp. Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Riverwoods, IL. Accessed July 27, 2021. http://online.lexi.com

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Written by Stephanie Nicole Nera, RPh, PharmD Updated Jul 28
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