Women's Health

Throughout a woman's reproductive years, she needs the right information and support to maintain her health and protect her from various conditions, such as infections, hormonal imbalances, and abnormal growths. From the onset of menstruation to the end of menopause, here's what all women need to know.


What is women’s health?

Icon Chevron

​​Women’s health refers to the health concerns and issues that are unique to women –– including menstrual cycles, pregnancy and birth control, as well as certain conditions such as cancer of the cervix or ovaries. Men and women may also have the same condition, but some of these illnesses may affect women differently, which require a different focus and approach in treatment. Certain health conditions also arise disproportionately among women, stemming from significant gender-related differences in cultures such as eating disorders.

When should I see a gynecologist?

Icon Chevron

Women should ideally make their first trip to the gynecologist between 13 to 15 years old. Most doctors will simply do a health exam that asks women about their overall well-being and explains the body developments she must expect.

When should I come in for a pap smear?

Icon Chevron

Women are recommended to have their pap smear or pap test every year as soon as they turn 21, even if they are not sexually active. A pap smear is a screening test that helps detect abnormalities in the cervix, preventing cervical cancer.

How do I know if I have ovarian cancer symptoms?

Icon Chevron

Ovarian cancer does not have a set screening test, so it’s best to catch it early through routine gynecologic visits and annual pelvic exams. In its early stages, ovarian cancer symptoms mimic stomach and digestive issues. Some common symptoms include: - Bloating pelvic or abdominal pain - Feeling full quickly or having difficulty eating - Frequent and urgent urination

How do I know if I have PCOS?

Icon Chevron

PCOS, or polycystic ovary syndrome, is a common hormonal condition among women. While signs may start showing up in one’s late teens or 20s, not all who are diagnosed with PCOS will have the same symptoms. Common symptoms include: - Irregular to no periods - Difficulty conceiving - Seeing excess hair on the face, chin, back, or buttocks - Acne - Thinning hair If you are diagnosed with PCOS, your doctor will be able to work with you on a treatment plan to help best manage the symptoms.

Discover more Women's Health Topics