As mentioned earlier, Phocomelia syndrome is a rare birth defect; it can affect one or both of the upper or lower limbs.
In many cases, a baby with Phocomelia syndrome has very short or missing bones for the limbs. Some babies also have hands or feet directly attached to the trunk.
What exactly causes a baby to be born without arms or legs? To this day, reports say the cause of Phocomelia syndrome is not well understood.
It could be an inherited condition based on genetic problems. Likewise, it’s also linked to the intake of thalidomide, a type of sedative drug widely prescribed during the 1950s and early 1960s to pregnant women to ease their morning sickness.
When a child presents with Phocomelia syndrome, the priority is to identify and treat associated abnormalities, particularly in the heart and intestines.
There’s no cure for Phocomelia syndrome. However, advancements in the field of medicine offer solutions, like prosthesis and surgery for any related deformation.
When applicable, doctors also recommend physical, occupational, and speech therapy. That way, the child can have the knowledge and skills to function at a higher level.
Finally, mental counseling should be considered for the child and her carers.