What is Dextran 70 used for?
Dextran 70 is a solution containing dextran (a polysaccharide or chained sugar) mixed with dextrose or sodium chloride solutions. It is commonly used as a plasma extended for restoring blood volume lost through hemorrhaging and treating hypovolemic due to surgery, trauma, injury, or other causes of bleeding.
Dextran 70 is also a component of several ophthalmic preparations used to relieve dry eyes and irritation.
How should I take Dextran 70?
Dextran 70 is injected intravenously (IV) by your doctor. When used as an ophthalmic lubricant, it is instilled into the eye using a dropper.
How do I store Dextran 70?
Dextran 70 is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store dextran 70 in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of dextran 70 that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush dextran 70 down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & warnings
What should I know before using Dextran 70?
Dextran 70 is contraindicated in case of:
- Hypersensitivity to any ingredients of dextran 70
- Thrombocytopenia (since dextran 70 interferes with platelet function)
Patients should be closely observed during the first minutes of administration as severe hypersensitivity reactions may occur. Equipment for resuscitation should be immediately available.
Blood samples for cross-matching should routinely be taken before administration of dextran 70 since it promotes the rouleaux formation and thereby interferes with the cross-matching process.
The infusion must be stopped immediately if signs of pulmonary edema develop.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
Dextran is contraindicated for use during pregnancy and should be used with caution during lactation. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Dextran 70. Dextran 70 is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:
- A=No risk
- B=No risk in some studies
- C=There may be some risk
- D=Positive evidence of risk
What side effects can occur from Dextran 70?
When given in large amounts (> 15 ml/kg), dextran 70 may interfere with platelet function and produce a transient increase in bleeding time.
Urticaria, nasal congestion, wheezing, tightness of the chest, and mild hypotension are reported and severe anaphylactoid reactions with circulatory collapse have also occasionally occurred.
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What drugs may interact with Dextran 70?
Dextran 70 may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects.
To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist.
For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
Does food or alcohol interact with Dextran 70?
Dextran 70 may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with Dextran 70?
Dextran 70 may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using dextran 70.
What is the dose of Dextran 70 for an adult?
Acute blood loss
500-1000 ml of dextran 70 may be infused intravenously over 15 minutes to compensate for moderate blood loss.
Prevention of thromboembolic phenomena
The recommended dose is 500 ml preoperatively, repeated daily for 2-3 days postoperatively.
As part of an ophthalmic lubricant
Carefully instill 1-2 drops as needed into the affected eye(s) using the provided dropper bottle. Do not touch the tip of the dropper with your finger, eye, or other surfaces.
What is the dose of Dextran 70 for a child?
The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using it. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How is Dextran 70 available?
Dextran 70 is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- Solution for injection, Euro-Med Dextran 70 in 0.9% NaCl
- Solution for injection, Euro-Med Dextran 70 in 5% dextrose
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of dextran 70, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.