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Ginkgo Biloba

Uses|Precautions & warnings|Side effects|Interactions|Dosage
Ginkgo Biloba

Uses

What is Ginkgo biloba used for?

Ginkgo biloba has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine. In modern times, ginkgo has gained notoriety as a brain booster that is touted to improve memory, mental acuity, and maintain the health of neurons. Other uses of ginkgo include easing pain and treating vascular diseases.

How should I take Ginkgo biloba?

For orally taken form, you should:

  • Take Ginkgo biloba by mouth as directed by your doctor or the product packaging.
  • This medication should be taken with food to avoid gastric irritation.
  • Read the label carefully before using Ginkgo biloba.
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

How do I store Ginkgo biloba?

Ginkgo biloba is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Ginkgo biloba in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Ginkgo biloba that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Ginkgo biloba down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Ginkgo biloba?

Before using Ginkgo biloba, tell your doctor if you have:

  • Allergies to any of the ingredients contained in Ginkgo biloba.
  • Allergies to any other medicines, food, dyes, preservatives, or animal products.
  • Any other health conditions or are taking drugs that have a risk of interaction with Ginkgo biloba, such as bleeding disorders or blood thinners.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There isn’t enough information about the safety of using this medication during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Due to the potentially increased risk of bleeding, it would be best to avoid taking ginkgo during pregnancy.

Always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking this medication.

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Ginkgo biloba?

As with other medications, Ginkgo biloba may potentially cause some side effects. Most of them are rare and can be resolved after discontinuing the drug. However, it is always important for you to consult your doctor if you have any problem after taking this medicine.

Some of the side effects are listed below:

  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Epigastralgia
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headaches
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Allergic dermatitis (eczematoid dermatitis)

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Ginkgo biloba?

Ginkgo biloba may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects.

Some classes of drugs that can possibly interact with Ginkgo biloba:

  • Antidepressants
  • Antidiabetics
  • Antiepileptics (anticonvulsants)
  • Anxiolytics (anti-anxiety)
  • Blood thinners (e.g. anticoagulants, anti-platelets, garlic supplements)
  • NSAIDs (e.g. aspirin, ibuprofen, mefenamic acid)

To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist.

For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with Ginkgo biloba?

Ginkgo biloba may interact with certain food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects.

Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with Ginkgo biloba?

Ginkgo biloba may interact with your preexisting health conditions. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Health condition may interact with this drug including:

  • Bleeding disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
  • Hypertension
  • Seizure disorders
  • Any condition that requires surgery

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Ginkgo biloba.

What is the dose of Ginkgo biloba for an adult?

Consult a doctor or pharmacist for information about the dose of Ginkgo biloba.

There are no standardized doses of ginkgo, however, these are the suggested doses to treat certain illnesses:

  • To treat dementia: 120-240 mg daily in 1-2 divided doses.
  • To treat vascular diseases and vertigo: 120-240 mg daily in 1-2 divided doses.

What is the dose of Ginkgo biloba for a child?

The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before giving it to a child. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is Ginkgo biloba available?

Ginkgo biloba is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Tablet, oral: Tebokan 40 mg of Ginkgo biloba EGb 761
  • Tablet, oral: Tebonin Forte FC 120 mg of Ginkgo biloba EGb 761

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Ginkgo biloba, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Ginkgo Biloba. https://www.mims.com/philippines/drug/info/ginkgo%20biloba. Accessed June 25, 2020.

Ginkgo. https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements-ginkgo/art-20362032. Accessed June 25, 2020.

Tebokan. https://www.mims.com/philippines/drug/info/tebokan. Accessed June 25, 2020.

Tebonin Forte. https://www.mims.com/philippines/drug/info/tebonin%20forte. Accessed June 25, 2020.

 

 

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Written by Stephanie Nicole Nera, RPh, PharmD on Jun 25, 2020
Medically reviewed by Stephanie Nicole Nera, RPh, PharmD
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