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Gaviscon (antacid/anti-reflux agent)

Gaviscon is the brand name of the combination of sodium alginate, sodium bicarbonate, and calcium carbonate. It is available as a chewable tablet and oral liquid. Gaviscon is an over-the-counter drug or OTC.

gaviscon

Uses

What is Gaviscon used for?

It is commonly used to treat heartburn and upset stomach. It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

How should I take Gaviscon?

Read the directions on the packaging for complete information. Check the label and expiration date.

For oral tablets, chew the tablet completely, swallow, and then drink a glass of water. It is best taken after meals and at bedtime. Do not swallow the tablet whole or dissolve it in liquid.

For the oral liquid, carefully tear the sachet and drink the contents. Take it after meals and at bedtime.

How do I store Gaviscon?

This product is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store it in the bathroom or the freezer.

There may be different brands of this drug that may have different storage needs. So, it is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush this product down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Additionally, it is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Gaviscon?

Before using this drug, tell your doctor if you are/have:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Taking any other medicines. This includes any prescription, OTC, and herbal remedies.
  • An allergy to any of the ingredients of this product.
  • Any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

Unfortunately, there isn’t enough information about the safety of using this drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, it is likely safe to take. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking any medication.

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Gaviscon?

Like all drugs, Gaviscon may have side effects. If they occur, side effects are generally mild and resolve once treatment is finished or the dose is lowered. Some reported side effects include:

  • Allergic reaction
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

However, not everyone experiences these side effects. In addition, some people may experience other side effects. So, if you have any concerns about a side effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Gaviscon?

This medication may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects.

To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist.

Drugs with known interactions:

  • Iron-containing supplements
  • Bisphosphonates (e.g. alendronate)
  • Tetracycline antibiotics
  • Quinolone antibiotics
  • Thyroid drugs (e.g. levothyroxine)
  • Calcium channel blockers (e.g. diltiazem, verapamil)
  • Quinidine
  • Raltegravir
  • Atazanavir
  • Dasatinib
  • Delavirdine
  • Azole antifungals
  • H2 blockers (e.g. cimetidine)

For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with Gaviscon?

This drug may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with Gaviscon?

This drug may interact with underlying conditions. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. Therefore, it is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. Therefore, you should always consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using any medication.

What is the dose for an adult?

Take 1-2 tablespoons 4 times a day for Regular Strength and 2-4 teaspoonfuls 4x a day for Extra Strength, or as directed by a doctor. Take after meals or at bedtime.

What is the dose for a child?

The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is Gaviscon available?

Gaviscon is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Chewable tablet containing Na alginate 250 mg + Na bicarbonate 133.5 mg, + Ca carbonate 80 mg
  • Oral suspension containing Na alginate 500 mg + Na bicarbonate 267 mg + Ca carbonate 160 mg per 10 mL

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Gaviscon https://www.mims.com/philippines/drug/info/gaviscon Accessed June 11, 2021

Gaviscon Double Action https://www.mims.com/philippines/drug/info/gaviscon%20double%20action Accessed June 11, 2021

Gaviscon https://www.gaviscon.com/ Accessed June 11, 2021

Gaviscon (alginic acid) https://www.nhs.uk/medicines/gaviscon/ Accessed June 11, 2021

GAVISCON EXTRA STRENGTH https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=7f367927-c366-465c-a059-e2cfb337d562 Accessed June 11, 2021

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Written by Stephanie Nicole Nera, RPh, PharmD on May 02, 2020
Medically reviewed by Stephanie Nicole Nera, RPh, PharmD
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