Cervical insufficiency or incompetent cervix happens when the weak cervix dilates too early in the pregnancy. This causes miscarriages as well as premature births. Incompetent cervix often causes preterm birth in the second trimester of pregnancy.
A cervical cerclage is a medical procedure you can get where doctors stitch your cervix close. This procedure prevents late miscarriages and preterm birth from happening.
Asherman’s syndrome results from the formation of scar tissues in the uterus due to previous procedures like curettage. Women with Asherman’s syndrome may have increased risk of miscarriage because the implantation of the embryo may not be good.
Before deciding to get pregnant, you need to undergo a medical procedure called hysteroscopy. Doctors do this procedure to examine and treat the scars in your uterus to prevent first-time or repeat miscarriages.
Other underlying medical conditions might also result in a miscarriage, such as:
- Severe medical conditions, such as uncontrolled diabetes, kidney diseases, hypertension, thyroid diseases, auto-immune diseases, and cardiovascular diseases.
- Sexually-transmitted infections such as TORCH infections that stand for: Toxoplasmosis, Other agents, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes simplex.
One of the most common causes of miscarriage is an unhealthy lifestyle which includes:
- Smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, and the use of illegal drugs.
Signs of miscarriage
Here are signs of miscarriage that you must watch out for.
This is one of the most common signs of miscarriage. However, not all vaginal bleeding leads to miscarriage. Bleeding in miscarriage starts with spotting or light bleeding and becomes heavier in every passing hour. Vaginal bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage if the bleeding gets heavier than lighter.
Cramps in the lower abdomen, pelvic area, and the back
This might be an indication of a miscarriage. The feeling of cramps shouldn’t be present in the time of pregnancy since you are not having your period. You might be having a miscarriage if you feel the same mentrual-like cramp during your pregnancy.
This is a normal part of pregnancy. However, it might worrying if you see big clumps of tissues in your discharge. These clumps of tissues might also be accompanied by blood clots, which are basically placenta or products of conception.
When you no longer feel pregnant
Not feeling any pregnancy symptoms isn’t always a sign of miscarriage. On the other hand, if you feel that these symptoms unexpectedly went away, then it is best to consult your OBGYN immediately.
When to call the doctor
Call your local emergency hotline or your OB-Gyne immediately if the following signs of miscarriage worsens:
- Severe bleeding accompanied by dizziness or lightheadedness
- Big clots of blood or tissues in your vaginal discharge
- Extreme menstrual cramp-like pain that’s been increasing in intensity
- Severe pain in the lower abdomen, sides and the back. This severe pain is similar to that of women who are in labor or who are about to give birth.
Never dismiss any signs of miscarriage.
Having a miscarriage is one of the most devastating moments an expecting mother could ever go through. Knowing the causes and signs of miscarriage while you are pregnant is important. This is to prevent any kind of problem with your pregnancy.
Make sure to do all the necessary tests before deciding to get pregnant. This will help you see if there are factors that might negatively affect your pregnancy. If you’re aware about the risks, then taking these extra measures will help you have a safe and healthy pregnancy.
Learn more about Being Pregnant, here.