Septate uterus is a congenital uterine abnormality that increases a woman’s risk of miscarriage. This congenital anomaly refers to a tissue (septum) that parts the uterus vertically into two. Metroplasty is a reconstructive surgery that repairs congenital uterine abnormalities such as the septate uterus.
Cervical insufficiency or incompetent cervix happens when the weak cervix dilates too early in the pregnancy. This causes miscarriages as well as premature births. Incompetent cervix often causes preterm birth in the second trimester of pregnancy.
A cervical cerclage is a medical procedure you can get where doctors stitch your cervix close. This procedure prevents late miscarriages and preterm birth from happening.
Asherman’s syndrome results from the formation of scar tissues in the uterus due to previous procedures like curettage. Women with Asherman’s syndrome may have increased risk of miscarriage because the implantation of the embryo may not be good.
Before deciding to get pregnant, you need to undergo a medical procedure called hysteroscopy. Doctors do this procedure to examine and treat the scars in your uterus to prevent first-time or repeat miscarriages.
Other underlying medical conditions might also result in a miscarriage, such as:
- Severe medical conditions, such as uncontrolled diabetes, kidney diseases, hypertension, thyroid diseases, auto-immune diseases, and cardiovascular diseases.
- Sexually-transmitted infections such as TORCH infections that stand for: Toxoplasmosis, Other agents, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes simplex.
One of the most common causes of miscarriage is an unhealthy lifestyle which includes:
- Smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, and the use of illegal drugs.
Signs of miscarriage
Here are signs of miscarriage that you must watch out for.
This is one of the most common signs of miscarriage. However, not all vaginal bleeding leads to miscarriage. Bleeding in miscarriage starts with spotting or light bleeding and becomes heavier in every passing hour. Vaginal bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage if the bleeding gets heavier than lighter.
Cramps in the lower abdomen, pelvic area, and the back
This might be an indication of a miscarriage. The feeling of cramps shouldn’t be present in the time of pregnancy since you are not having your period. You might be having a miscarriage if you feel the same mentrual-like cramp during your pregnancy.