Blood viscosity is not the only problem. When it comes to hypertension, patients with diabetes usually have unhealthy amounts of cholesterol. They often have reduced HDL cholesterol (“good cholesterol” which can be beneficial to health) and increased triglycerides and LDL cholesterol (“bad cholesterol” which has harmful effects). Together, these two factors increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
High blood pressure is a serious complication of diabetes. Higher blood pressure is one of the root causes of sudden death in people with diabetes.
High blood pressure (hypertension), whether or not it is caused by diabetes, is a major cause of cardiovascular disease. But when individuals have both diabetes and hypertension — a common combination — the risk for cardiovascular disease doubles.
Hypertension causes damage to organs such as the brain, kidneys, eyes and especially the heart over time. It leads to nearly 80% of cases of heart attack and stroke. What’s more, hypertension can increase the heart’s workload, causing thickening of heart muscle fibers over time.
Those with hypertension are also prone to diseases such as ischemic heart disease, arrhythmias, or an aneurysm.
The close relationship between diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases is clear. To prevent the risks posed by these dangerous diseases, proper treatment and a healthy lifestyle are a must. Consult your doctor, be informed of the latest developments in medical science, adjust your diet, and exercise regularly.