When a person is hypertensive, their blood exerts extra pressure on the arteries. This causes numerous health problems.
Most exhibit no symptoms, and so hypertension is often called the ‘silent killer’.
Atherosclerosis when the blood vessels harden due to progressive buildup of fatty deposits.
This hardening disrupts blood flow, and thus affects the normal functioning of organs that rely on the heart to function.
Atherosclerosis also increases the risk of blood clot formation. And when left untreated, it can cause life-threatening conditions, such as heart attack or stroke.
Heart arrhythmias are conditions that disrupt the rhythm of the heart. This is also defined as an irregular heartbeat, with the heart either beating too slow, too fast, or erratically.
Scarring in the heart tissues or abnormal changes in electrical impulses that control the heart are some of the most common causes. But rhythm changes can also be congenital, or a response to existing disease or injury.
Common Heart Diseases in the Philippines
Coronary Artery Disease
Atherosclerosis can lead to Coronary Artery Disease, or the blockage of coronary arteries. This restricts proper circulation, to the heart muscle.
Lack of blood supply leads to poor oxygenation. This can lead to chest pain or angina.
And in more severe cases, coronary artery disease can lead to heart attack.
Heart Valve Disease
The heart valves are responsible for proper blood flow within the heart. When even one of these four valves malfunction, it can disrupt circulation. For instance, it can cause leakages or backflow of blood.
While some people with heart valve conditions can show no symptoms, others may experience heart attack, stroke, or blood clots.
Heart valve disease can lead to other heart conditions, such as hypertension and heart failure.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
When inflammation due to rheumatic fever damages the heart valves, it can lead to rheumatic heart disease.
Rheumatic fever is typically caused by a strep throat infection. It can cause several complications, such as heart infection or heart failure.
Congestive Heart Failure
Also known simply as heart failure, congestive heart failure occurs when the heart fails to sufficiently supply the body with blood.
Congestive heart failure can lead to complications like irregular blood flow. This happens when blood or fluid flows back into the lungs.
CHF can also lead to fluid retention, or edema, throughout the body or breathing problems.
Taking care of your heart is not a one-time thing; it’s a lifelong process that is truly worth committing to. And aside from
Though heart diseases are some of the most common causes of illness and death in the Philippines, they’re also some of the most preventable with simple lifestyle changes at any age.
Learn more about heart health, here.