In the case of type 2 diabetes, it is possible for people to have the condition or experience these symptoms for a while without even knowing that they have it.
The best way to confirm if you have diabetes or not would be to undergo blood sugar testing.
There are several ways of testing for diabetes, namely the following:
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (A1C) Test
This is a test that checks the average amount of sugar in your blood for the past two to three months by measuring the percentage of sugar attached to the hemoglobin in your blood.
If two separate test results show an A1C level that’s 6.5% or higher, then that means you have diabetes. A result between 5.7% to 6.4% means that you are pre-diabetic or prone to having diabetes. A lower score means that the levels of sugar in the blood are normal.
Fasting Blood Sugar Test
Before taking this test, you will need to fast overnight. Afterwards, a sample will be taken to measure the level of sugar in your blood. If the result shows your blood sugar levels at around 126 mg/dL, then it means you have diabetes.
A result between 100 and 125 mg/dL means that you are pre-diabetic, and less than 100 means that your blood sugar is normal.
Random Blood Sugar Test
This is a test where blood samples will be taken at a random time and does not require fasting.
A result of 200 mg/dL or higher can possibly mean that you have diabetes.
How Can You Prevent Diabetes?
Since the causes of type 1 diabetes are not exactly known, there isn’t a way to prevent it.
However, type 2 diabetes can be prevented by keeping yourself healthy.
Here are some important things to remember:
- Stay active. Keeping active and engaging in daily exercise helps keep your body healthy, and can significantly lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Eat healthy. Try and incorporate more fruits and vegetables in your diet.
- It is also a good idea to lessen the amount of processed foods you eat, since a number of processed foods have extra sugars added.
- For pregnant moms, daily exercise and eating just the right amount of food can lower the chances of gestational diabetes.