Polydipsia or Excessive Thirst
Excessive thirst is one of the initial symptoms of diabetes. It is also usually accompanied by temporary or prolonged dryness of the mouth.
In addition to the three P’s dehydration and sudden weight loss are also common:
Dehydration is one symptom of type 1 diabetes that is also one of the type 2 diabetes symptoms. When a person’s blood sugar levels get too high, the kidneys tend to produce more urine than usual. This then leads to more frequent urination, and can lead to dehydration.
In children, this can cause them to wet the bed.
Another effect of dehydration is that the reduced water in the body further increases the concentration of sugar in the blood. This is why it is important for people with type 1 diabetes to stay hydrated as much as possible.
Sudden Weight Loss
Another one of the type 1 diabetes symptoms is sudden weight loss. Sudden weight loss occurs partly because of dehydration because water makes up about 60% of our body.
One notable trait of weight loss caused by diabetes is that aside from being sudden, there is also no loss of appetite. This means that a person can eat normally and still lose weight because of their condition.
Complications of Diabetes
Complications may arise if diabetes is not managed properly. Those with diabetes are at risk of developing conditions like:
Ketoacidosis is a serious problem that can affect people with diabetes. It occurs when the body’s cells are not able to utilize glucose for energy.
This happens when the insulin levels of the body are too low. As a result, the liver produces ketones, which are used up as the body’s energy source. When these ketones start to build up in the blood, it can cause health problems and even affect the nervous system.
Eye damage is one of the more chronic symptoms of diabetes. This happens because the blood vessels of the retina, or the back of the eye, can be damaged by high blood sugar.