High Blood Pressure
Aside from cardiovascular problems, diabetics can also suffer from high blood pressure2. This is because elevated blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the body, causing them to become stiff. When this happens, blood pressure can increase, and this can lead to cardiovascular disease.
Another of the major complications of diabetes is having eye problems. This happens because high blood sugar can damage a person’s nerves3. Over time, a person’s vision can get progressively worse, until they can become blind. This is called diabetic retinopathy.
Once this starts, it can no longer be reversed, so it’s important to prevent it from happening in the first place.
Kidney problems are another possible complication of diabetes. What happens is that high sugar levels in the blood as well as high blood pressure levels can damage a person’s kidneys. When this happens, the kidney’s ability to function can be severely affected.
In more severe cases, the kidney can be damaged to a point that it can no longer function at all. If this happens, dialysis or an organ transplant might be necessary.
Aside from the nerves in the eyes, diabetes can cause nerve damage in different parts of the body4. This condition is called diabetic neuropathy. The parts of the body usually affected are the hands and the feet.