- Fluid replacement – You may be given fluids orally or intravenously in order to replace fluids lost due to excessive urination and to dilute extra sugar in the blood.
- Electrolyte replacement – Electrolytes will be administered to you intravenously to help your heart, muscles and nerves function.
- Insulin therapy – You may receive insulin intravenously to reverse processes causing ketone to accumulate in your blood.
Depending on the causes of your severe hyperglycemia, your doctor may recommend additional treatment.
If it is believed to be due to bacterial infection, he or she may prescribe antibiotics. If a heart attack is likely, your doctor may recommend a heart check-up.
Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies
Those with diabetes will need to manage their diet and lifestyle to keep blood sugar levels at an ideal level. This involves constant monitoring and regular physical activity.
Healthy Weight Maintenance
Discuss with your doctor what your ideal weight should be before beginning any weight loss routine.
Avoid food that contains simple carbohydrates (e.g., cookies, crackers) which can increase insulin levels and place stress on the pancreas. Avoid saturated fats as well. Opt instead for whole, unprocessed foods (e.g., fruits, vegetables).
Simple physical activities such as brisk walking for 30 minutes can significantly lower blood glucose levels.
Mineral Levels Check
Magnesium helps insulin become more effective and helps prevent you becoming insulin-tolerant.
Insulin Levels Check
Make sure to get regular insulin checks along with blood sugar tests.
Home Monitoring of Blood Sugar
Routinely measure your blood sugar level with a blood glucose meter. Studies have shown that those with diabetes who maintain normal or near-normal blood sugar levels are less at risk for diabetes-related complications.
This will help you determine if your treatment plan is working. Check as often as recommended by your doctor. If you are experiencing any symptoms of high blood sugar levels, measure it.
When blood sugar levels reach 240 mg/dL, check your urine for ketones with an over-the-counter urine ketones test kit. If it comes out positive, seek medical help to reduce blood sugar level safely.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Learn more about Type 2 Diabetes here.