When the cells don’t get enough glucose, the body burns fat for energy. This produces ketones. High levels of ketones cause the blood to become acidic, consequently, poisoning your body.
While DKA is more common in those with type 1 diabetes, it can also affect people with type 2 diabetes. If you’re at risk, it’s important to learn what are the warning signs of diabetic ketoacidosis, as well as your treatment options.
What causes diabetic ketoacidosis?
Before knowing what are the warning signs of diabetic ketoacidosis, let’s find out what can possibly trigger the disease. Diabetic ketoacidosis happens when there is not enough insulin in the body. When the body breaks down fat for energy, it releases acids known as ketones. Too much of these can poison the blood.
Now, insulin production can be affected by:
An underlying illness
High levels of hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol are released if you have certain diseases or infections, like urinary tract infection (UTI). These hormonal imbalances can reverse the effect of insulin.
Sudden changes in insulin therapy
For example, missed or inadequate doses can leave the body without enough insulin to maintain blood sugar levels and utilize sugar for cellular functions.
There are rare occasions when diabetic ketoacidosis can also be caused by trauma, cardiac issues, drug abuse, and even medications, like corticosteroids.
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