Other side effects of insulin intake include weight gain, edema, decreased potassium, skin atrophy or hypertrophy at the site of injection.
Who should take NPH insulin?
Patients with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus may take this type of insulin, though the dosage may vary according to the type of DM and weight of the patient.
Who should not take this type of insulin?
Patients taking NPH insulin should immediately stop taking this medication and consult their physician for alternative therapies if they manifest any of the following:
- An allergic/ hypersensitivity reaction which can manifest as itchiness and redness on the skin or a rash all over the body.
- If they have repeated episodes of severe hypoglycemia, which can manifest as shakiness, sweating, chills, irritability, fast heartbeat, hunger, nausea and vomiting, headaches, or sleepiness.
How is NPH insulin taken?
If prescribed by your physician, you may administer NPH insulin subcutaneously via a pen-injector or in a subcutaneous suspension. It is typically injected on the subcutaneous fat tissues around the abdomen and its absorption can be increased by exercise, massaging near the site of injection, and applying warm compress.
This type of insulin may be given once or twice daily as morning and evening doses.
NPH Insulin is an intermediate-acting insulin effective in the management of DM; the main advantage of using this medication is that it can be mixed with a short-acting insulin. This provides the benefit of immediate effect with a longer duration of effect.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, remember to consult your doctor to determine the best type of insulin for you.
Learn more about diabetes and insulin, here.