The Long-term Effects of Uncontrolled Diabetes
While there are some differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, both of them still mean one thing: you have high levels of glucose (a type of sugar) in your blood. In the long run, this increased sugar level can damage the blood vessels which supply blood to the organs of the body, resulting in various complications.
The following are some of the serious long-term effects when your diabetes is uncontrolled:
If there’s one complication that’s highly attributed to diabetes, it would be foot complications. Because of the reduced blood supply and compromised nerve health, the patient’s foot may have:
- Heightened risk of infection
- Reduced sensation
- Development of ulcers
- Problems with the foot’s structure
If left untreated, it can lead to amputation of said foot.
When we say neuropathy, we’re referring to “nerve damage.” Nerves are collections of neurons or nerve cells that function to bring messages (electrical impulses) to and from the body and brain.
Like mentioned earlier, uncontrolled diabetes could damage the blood vessels which are supplying nourishment to the nerve cells, ultimately decreasing their function.
Take, for instance, this scenario as an example:
Someone with unaddressed high sugar levels related to either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could experience numbing or tingling sensations in their hands and feet. This happens because the nerves that sense heat and touch are already affected.
You can learn more about diabetic neuropathy and the possibility to reverse it by reading this article:
Skin and Mouth Conditions
Some of the long-term effects of uncontrolled diabetes involve the skin and mouth.
Because of the blood vessel and nerve damage, diabetics might develop dry skin, especially on their feet. High blood sugar levels can also compromise our skin’s ability to protect us from infections.
Additionally, someone who has poorly managed diabetes could experience mouth problems like gum infections, tooth decay, sores, and thrush. For this reason, regular visits to the dentist should be a priority.
Compared to a person with healthy blood sugar, diabetics may find that it takes longer for their wounds to heal, or it may tend to worsen without the proper treatment. Diabetics are urged to be extra cautious of cuts and wounds, and surgerious may become more complicated in their cases.
To learn more about foot complications and how you can manage them, you can head over to this article: