4. Long-Acting Insulin
Long-acting insulin, or basal insulin, can work all day. That’s why long-acting insulin is mostly used at night and only used once a day.
Typically, patients take long-acting insulin with either rapid-acting or short-acting (bolus insulin) insulin.
Based on how they work and how they are used, basal insulin and bolus insulin can be said to be inversely related.
Here are some examples of long-acting insulin or basal insulin.
- Glargine (Lantus), able to reach the blood vessels in 1-1.5 hours and maintain blood sugar levels for approximately 20 hours.
- Detemir (Levemir), reaches the blood vessels in about 1-2 hours and works for 24 hours.
- Insulin degludec (Tresiba), enters the bloodstream in 30-90 minutes and works for 42 hours.
The dose of insulin for each person is also different. Your doctor may prescribe several combinations of insulin injection types for you.
Therefore, consult your doctor regarding the schedule and dose of insulin therapy that is right for your condition.
In general, the principle of giving insulin to diabetic patients is to start at a small dose and increase it gradually.
Insulin Injection Types: Insulin Pens
Injections can be difficult to administer. That’s why insulin treatment for diabetes is more practical with an insulin pen.
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