The patch is thin, square-shaped and is covered with more than a hundred microneedles the size of an eyelash. The tiny needles contain a microscopic payload of glucose-detecting enzymes, which releases insulin when it detects a rise in blood sugar levels.
Recent studies show that insulin patch proves effective for adults with type 2 diabetes. Although researchers are confirming its effects on the advanced stages of diabetes.
How To Use an Insulin Patch
The insulin patch can be placed anywhere on the body. But in most cases, you can put it on the spots where you usually inject insulin.
When placed on the skin, agents within the patch will activate the release of insulin, pass through the skin and into the bloodstream. The patch has a set of insulin doses enough to be absorbed over a number of hours. Researchers develop different types of patches that could release insulin more quickly after meals.
When changing insulin patches, expose the edge that adheres to your skin and keeps the microneedles attached to your body. Slowly peel away in one swift motion.
Remove remaining sticky residue with soapy water or isopropyl alcohol. In recent studies, the insulin patch could reduce levels of glucose in the blood for as long as nine hours.
Risks and Side Effects
The introduction of the insulin patch is, no doubt, a breakthrough in managing diabetes. But because it’s still in the process of development, there are a few side effects of the insulin patch, which hopefully can be fixed in the future.
Such an occurrence happened on an animal test subject. They noted that some inflammation appeared at the site where they attached the patch. In human subjects, vomiting and nausea are noted side effects. But the researchers believe that if the release of the drug is slow enough, though side effects can be eliminated.
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