All people with type 1 diabetes have insulin injection as the only option for controlling blood sugar levels. However, people with type 2 diabetes also need to take insulin injections when oral medications, exercises, and a healthy diet are not showing effects in maintaining the blood sugar level.
Oral Medication for Diabetes
An oral medication, or diabetes pills, helps the body to produce more insulin or improve insulin sensitivity and response. This type of medication is most effective with meal planning and exercise. Examples of oral diabetes medications include metformin and glibenclamide.
Currently, there is research being done on creating an oral form of insulin. This medication would work to improve blood sugar control and insulin levels, without the need for needle pricks.
In some cases, oral medications for diabetes are not enough or lose effectiveness. Some doctors initiate insulin monotherapy wherein the treatment will require insulin alone and will stop the oral medication.
In a later stage, oral agents may be taken alongside insulin if the blood sugar failed to achieve its average level. In the combination of insulin and oral medication, the insulin dosage may reduce and decrease the side effects due to insulin. However, other side effects of the oral agents might also occur.
Other treatment options also include bariatric surgery, artificial pancreas, and pancreatic islet transplantation. These are the less common treatments available when medicines are not enough to control the condition.
Bariatric surgery is an option for obese patients with diabetes, which can help them lose weight and decrease food intake. Because type 1 diabetes is caused by damaged or missing pancreas cells that produce insulin, some patients can benefit from a pancreas transplant or artificial pancreas.
Diabetes is a life-threatening health condition. It deals with increased blood sugar levels due to the insulin that the body does not produce or due to the body not working effectively.
Treatments are available to manage blood sugar levels and insulin. These include oral medication for diabetes, insulin shots, and transplant surgery. Without proper management, it increases the risk of developing other complications, such as heart disease, stroke, and vision loss.
Learn more about Diabetes, here.