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What are the Symptoms of Kidney Failure Due to Diabetes?

What are the Symptoms of Kidney Failure Due to Diabetes?

What are the symptoms of kidney failure due to diabetes? Diabetes can cause kidney failure. This is also referred to as diabetic nephropathy. More often than not, it’s sort of like a package deal: People who are diagnosed with diabetes are likely to develop kidney-related problems.

Whether you have type 1 or type 2 of diabetes, your body can’t produce enough insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels. As you progress, these can damage the various organs of the body, including the kidney.

High glucose levels can disrupt the kidney’s filtering systems since there’s too much blood. When it can’t take the pressure anymore, the kidneys will start to leak, and useful proteins are lost in urine.

If you think you’re at risk, it’s important to know what are the symptoms of kidney failure due to diabetes, and what treatment options are available.

What are the symptoms of kidney failure due to diabetes?

In its early stages, it would be difficult to spot any symptoms. However, imbalances in bodily fluids and blood pressure are already present. As the buildup increases, your kidney will begin to lose its function. Once you get to that stage, you might notice the following:

  • Swelling of face, hands, and feet
  • Darker urine color due to blood buildup
  • Nausea or constant vomiting
  • Abdominal pains
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Loss of sleep
  • Weak muscles
  • Shortness of breath

Complications such as cardiovascular disease and skin problems can arise during the late stages.

Early detection and treatment is therefore important to prevent or slow down the disease’s progress. Visit your doctor on a regular to have your blood pressure checked, as well as examine your blood and urine for signs of diabetic nephropathy.

Are there any risk factors?

If you’re diagnosed with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it’s likely that you will also develop kidney failure. Other factors that can lead to this, includes:

  • Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Being a heavy smoker
  • Being overweight

Are there any complications?

Like any disease, complications of diabetic nephropathy can develop as you progress further. You might want to take note of the following:

  • Hyperkalemia or increase in potassium levels
  • Fluid build up in the lungs
  • Cardiovascular disease like stroke
  • Damaged nerves and blood vessels
  • Pregnancy complications puts both the mother and fetus at risk
  • End-stage kidney in need of transplant or dialysis

How is diabetic nephropathy treated?

Now that we’ve identified what are the symptoms of kidney failure due to diabetes, you might want to know the treatment options available.

When kidneys fail, either you undergo dialysis or get a kidney transplant. Medication won’t work anymore since its function is almost gone, and can’t be salvaged anymore.

This is why it’s important to get regular checkups to know the conditions of your blood levels and organs. Early detection and treatment are your best bet in reducing your risks. The main goal is to maintain normal glucose levels and blood pressure. Your doctor might recommend the following:

Medications

For example, ACE inhibitors are a type of blood pressure drugs preferred by most doctors. Apart from lowering the blood pressure, it can actually slow down the progression of your diabetes.

Maintain healthy weight

Never underestimate the power of self-care. Make sure that you’re eating healthy and staying active. If you are overweight, talk to your doctor about the type of diet you should observe, and other weight-loss strategies.

Quit your vices

If you’re a heavy smoker, you might want to consider quitting because if you don’t, you’re just contributing to your kidney shutting down. Avoid alcohol altogether, as well.

Key Takeaways

If not treated, your kidney disease might progress to total kidney failure. Educating yourself on what are the symptoms of kidney failure due to diabetes might just save your life. With early detection, you’re reducing possible complications and preventing the disease from further progressing.

Learn more about Diabetes Complications here.

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Sources

Kidney Disease (Nephropathy), https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes/complications/kidney-disease-nephropathy, Accessed April 23, 2021 

Preventing Diabetic Kidney Disease: 10 Answers To Questions,  https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/preventkiddisease, Accessed April 23, 2021 

Diabetic Kidney Disease, https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/diabetic-kidney-disease , Accessed April 23, 2021 

Diabetic nephropathy – Symptoms and causes, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-nephropathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20354556 , Accessed April 23, 2021 

Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Causes, Tests and Treatment, https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17689-kidney-failure, Accessed April 23, 2021

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Written by Honey Buenaventura Updated May 07
Fact Checked by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
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