Glaucoma is also one of the complications of diabetic retinopathy. It occurs when new blood vessels develop in front of the eyes (iris), disturbing the normal blood circulation and adding pressure to the eye. As a result, the optic nerve is damaged.
Another of the complications of diabetic retinopathy is retinal detachment. This happens when the blood vessels cause scar tissue to develop. The scar then pulls the retina away from its original position.
Some of the symptoms of retinal detachment are:
- A sudden increase in floaters (small spots or squiggly lines in your vision)
- Flashes of light
- A curtain of shadow in your vision
Finally, when diabetic retinopathy and its complications are not managed, blindness may occur.
How To Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy
There are steps you can take to prevent diabetic retinopathy altogether. Generally, you need to work closely with your doctor to:
1. Reach your blood sugar targets.
The longer and more often you experience hyperglycemia, the more likely you’ll develop diabetic retinopathy. Hence, it’s crucial that you reach your target blood sugar whenever possible.
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