There is no cure to glaucoma but blindness from the disease can be prevented. If glaucoma is detected early, eye drops are used to either manage the production of fluid inside the eyes or aid in the drainage of the fluid inside the eyes. The goal of eye drops is to prevent increased pressure inside the eyes.
Eye drops used for glaucoma include:
- Alpha Adrenergic Agonists
- Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
- Prostaglandin Analogs
- Rho Kinase Inhibitors
- Combination of eye drops
If glaucoma can no longer be managed using eye drops and medication, surgery and laser surgery can be used. Vision loss due to glaucoma is generally irreversible. The goal of surgery is to prevent total blindness and further vision loss.
Surgery and laser procedures for glaucoma include:
- MIGS (Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery)
- Cyclodiode Laser Treatment
- Laser Peripheral Iridotomy
- Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)
- Implantation of Glaucoma Drainage Devices (GDD)
Because genes and lifestyle are factors that play a role in developing glaucoma, glaucoma can be difficult to prevent. In general, glaucoma cannot be prevented but there is something we can do to delay the onset, slow the progression and mitigate the effects of glaucoma.
- Eat healthily
- Maintain a good weight
- Exercise regularly and safely
- Protect your eyes from injury
- Avoid too much caffeine
- Avoid smoking
- Have regular comprehensive eye check-ups
- Know if you are at risk of developing glaucoma
- Take prescribed eye drops religiously
Glaucoma is a common eye disease that can cause blindness if not detected or treated early.
Glaucoma is generally caused by an increase in the eye’s pressure, which results in the damage of the optic nerve. The condition can happen to anyone but it usually occurs in old people. It can go undetected for a while because it does not have noticeable symptoms.
Glaucoma treatment cannot cure vision loss caused by the disease, but it can prevent further damage and even total blindness.
Learn more about Glaucoma here.