However, another health complication that is caused by diabetes is stroke. It is the sudden halt in the brain’s blood flow due to damaged or blocked arteries.
Longer periods of blockage may result in damages in a part of the brain tissue. This could affect one’s physical and cognitive functions. Patients with diabetes are 1.5 to 2 times more likely to experience stroke than those without any symptoms associated with diabetes.
Considered as a serious medical concern, diabetic stroke can be treated and prevented.
Understanding Diabetes and Stroke: What’s the Connection?
According to the American Stroke Association, diabetic stroke happens when the blood vessels contain excessive amounts of blood sugar due to the inability of the pancreas to create insulin hormones to aid in transferring glucose to the cells to generate energy for the body.
This large amount of blood sugar may result in damage in the bloodstream and existence of a blood clot that may contribute to the blockage of blood flow.
Longer periods of blockage may result in damages in the brain tissue.
Stroke can be more prevalent for patients with diabetes than those who don’t have the condition.
However, the Stroke Association noted some other risk factors that increase the probability of experiencing stroke among people with diabetes, such as:
- Age. Patients that are over the age of 55 may be more prone to stroke as the arteries become more stiff as time passes.
- History of stroke. If the patient had experienced a stroke, or transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke that lasted for a few minutes
- Family’s medical history. If the patient’s family has a medical history of having stroke or TIA
- Existing medical condition. If the patient has existing heart disease, high blood pressure, and high amounts of “bad” cholesterol
- Lifestyle. If the patient is overweight, has excessive belly fat, not physically active, or has been smoking;
Signs of Stroke
Regardless if due to diabetes or other conditions, stroke can be experienced by patients once a part of a brain tissue has been damaged due to loss of blood flow. This can manifest through the patients’ inability to perform physical and cognitive tasks.