The Truth About Vaginal Blood Colors and Meanings
Before we understand the different meanings of period colors, let’s first emphasize one important point. It is normal for the menstrual blood color to change. For instance, fresh red blood may turn brown or even black when it’s old enough and has reacted with oxygen.
With that said, what do we need to know about menstrual blood colors and meanings?
This is the typical menstrual blood color that women see. You can also describe this as “bright, cranberry red”. If you have regular menstruation and see this color, then you can rest easy as it is a sign of a healthy period.
The reason why your menstrual blood is red is that it is fresh.
Commonly, this is the blood that has “pooled” in your uterus and still hasn’t interacted with oxygen yet. When you go to the bathroom in the morning after waking up, you’ll see fresh, red blood.
However, you may need to worry if you see bright red blood in between menstruation as this may indicate infections. For example, STIs like gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause bright, red vaginal blood.
If bright, red blood is a product of infection, you may experience other signs, including:
- Pain during sex
- Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- Frequent need to urinate
Lastly, consider the number of sanitary pads you’re using. If you’re “bleeding too much,” then perhaps, there’s something wrong, too.
When discussing menstrual blood colors and meanings, it’s important to note that pinkish blood may worry some especially if it doesn’t occur at the beginning or end of your menstruation.
If you’re spotting, then pinkish blood may mean that your menstrual blood has mixed with the cervical fluids.
Another possible reason for pink menstrual blood is having a low-estrogen level. If you have low estrogen level, you might also experience:
- Irregular periods
- Missed periods
- Pain during sex
- Mood swings
- Hot flashes
For women in their advanced years, pinkish menstrual blood may be a sign of perimenopause. Perimenopause means “around menopause.” This is the time when a woman’s body transitions to the menopausal stage, eventually marking the end of her reproductive years.
In some instances, poor nutrition and polycystic ovarian syndrome could also cause pinkish menstrual blood due to anemia or thinned out endometrium. Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a condition wherein the woman has more male hormones than normal.