Simply put, androgens are largely responsible for the traits that men are known for. In the case of women suffering from PCOS, they have way more androgen that the body needs.
We already know that the androgen is the male hormone and since only women can give birth and bear a child, fertilization is made less possible with increased androgen. This is because too much androgen can stop a female’s ovary from ejecting eggs or the process called ovulation.
On top of that, this can also result in extra acne and hair growth on the facial area. These two are both pretty good signs of PCOS.
High Insulin Levels
Insulin is the hormone tasked to convert food into energy. If you have insulin resistance, that means your body isn’t responding well to this hormone. This causes your insulin blood levels to rise way above the normal state. Most women who suffer from PCOS also suffer from insulin resistance. If the patient is obesed, overweight, has diabetes in the family history or has unhealthy eating habits, the higher her chance to develop PCOS. In the long run, the body’s insulin resistance can grow to type 2 diabetes.
Women who have aunts, mothers, cousins or grandmothers that have PCOS are most likely to have this illness. Though it isn’t always a guarantee for future generations of a PCOS-diagnosed woman to have PCOS, they usually have a higher chance of getting it.
Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) usually manifest during one’s teenage years to twenties.
Each woman diagnosed with PCOS will experience symptoms that vary in nature and severity. While some will experience menstrual issues, others may experience more severe symptoms, such as inability to conceive or infertility.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
- irregular or no menstruation
- conception issues (due to irregular or no ovulation)
- hirsutism (excessive hair growth) on face, chest, or back
- oily skin
- hair thinning or hair loss
- weight gain
PCOS can cause complications later on in life, such as:
Just as there are more studies needed to further define what can cause PCOS, there is still no confirmed test to diagnose it.
But medical professionals do follow a diagnosis procedure that requires the full cooperation of the patient. The procedure requires a brief analysis of the patient’s body as well as medical history. Some physical tests possibly performed on a speculated PCOS patient are as follows:
Doctors may perform a pelvic exam to check for the presence of male hormones above normal rate. A common sign that some doctors may look for an enlarged clitoris. But more than usual, the goal f a pelvic exam is to look for signs of swollen or enlarged ovaries.
Sonogram is also known as pelvic ultrasound. Similar to regular ultrasound, a sonogram test makes use of sound waves. These sound waves are used to check for the presence of cysts. It also checks for any abnormalities in the uterus lining or endometrium.
Here, the doctor will make various examinations. This can include the patient’s waist line, her BMI and her blood pressure. Most doctors may also look for abnormal amounts of facial hair on various parts of the body. This can be on the chest area, the back or face. The attending physician may also check for skin discoloration, acne or hair loss.
As of now, there is no medically-approved cure for PCOS. It is, however, still manageable. But this will require the patient to cooperate with her doctor since treatment plans will vary from one patient to another. The doctor will take into consideration a few factors including:
- Your symptoms
- Long-term health concerns
- Plans of bearing children
Women will usually require doctor-prescribed medication along with a few home remedies to alleviate the symptoms.
PCOS may seem like a dreadful illness, but it’s actually easy to manage once you gain better understanding about the disease. Just remember to cooperate and stick to the recommendations of your doctor.
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