Causes of PCOS
The exact cause of PCOS is still undetermined. However, there are certain factors that can contribute to its development, namely:
Heredity. Studies suggest that certain kinds of genes might be linked to PCOS.
Low-grade inflammation. PCOS has a type of low-grade inflammation that can cause polycystic ovaries to produce androgen, which may result in heart problems.
Excess androgen. Abnormally high levels of androgen can cause acne and hirsutism or excessive facial and body hair.
Excess Insulin. This might increase the production of androgen,which can affect ovulation.
Signs and symptoms
The signs and symptoms of PCOS may vary. You may have PCOS when you experience at least two of the following symptoms:
Irregular periods. The most common sign of PCOS is irregular menstrual cycles, that can be prolonged, infrequent, or completely non-existent.
Excess androgen. High levels of male hormones may cause severe acne, hirsutism and baldness.
Polycystic ovaries. Ovaries might fail to function normally because of the follicles that surround the eggs, your ovaries might also be slightly enlarged.