What are your concerns?

close
Inaccurate
Hard to understand
Other

Or copy link

New

Buntis Na May Ovarian Cyst: What Do You Need to Do?

Buntis Na May Ovarian Cyst: What Do You Need to Do?

Normal lang ba ang buntis na may ovarian cyst? During early pregnancy, ovarian cysts are common and usually harmless. However, some kinds of cysts may require medical intervention.

Kapag ang cysts ng isang buntis na may ovarian cyst ay patuloy na lumalaki, ito ay pwedeng maging sanhi ng iba’t-ibang klase ng komplikasyon. During childbirth, cysts may rupture, twist, or cause other complications.

You may also have a higher risk of gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, miscarriage, or premature delivery if you suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome.

Effects Of Cysts on Fertility and Pregnancy

There are several different kinds of cysts. Some of them are associated with a reduced fertility rate, while others are not. Some kinds of cysts may lead to more severe complications, while others do not.

Ovarian Cysts and Conditions That May Affect Fertility

Endometriomas

Endometriomas are cysts caused by endometriosis. Endometriosis occurs when cells that usually line your uterus implant and grow outside your uterus instead. It is possible that these ovarian cysts can lead to infertility as it leads to adhesions around the pelvic area (i.e. impending the movement of the fallopian tubes). Maari din itong magdulot ng komplikasyon sa buntis na may ovarian cyst dahil ito ay posibleng pumutok o umikot.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by cysts in the ovaries, irregular periods, and elevated hormone levels. For some women, PCOS results in irregular menstruation and hormonal dysfunction, thus interfering with fertility.

Ovarian Cysts That Do Not Affect Fertility

Cystadenomas

A cystadenoma is a growth on the surface of the ovaries. Although they may need treatment, they are not usually a risk to fertility.

Dermoid Cysts

Infertility is not linked to dermoid cysts. Instead of fluid, these cysts are made up of various tissues, such as hair, sebum, skin, and even teeth.

Functional Cysts

A functional cyst forms during a regular menstrual cycle and does not result in infertility. A functional cyst indicates that fertility-related functions are taking place. It is physiologic, meaning it is a common finding in women with normal cycles.

Follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts are common types of functional ovarian cysts.

It is normal to develop an ovarian cyst during the first trimester of pregnancy. Corpus luteum releases hormones which initially sustain the pregnancy. In most cases, the cyst disappears by the end of the second trimester.

Hindi lahat ng ovarian cyst ay masama, at normal lang ang buntis na may functional ovarian cyst gaya ng corpus luteum. If you are worried, you may consult your doctor for further clarification.

Complications Due to Ovarian Cysts

Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when the tissue lining the uterus grows beyond the uterus and into the areas outside it. A cyst called an endometrioma can develop on the ovaries as endometrial tissue starts growing there.

Blood can fill endometriomas, causing them to enlarge because as the woman menstruates, it also becomes active. Endometriosis can affect fertility, increase ovarian cancer risks, and lead to internal bleeding in the case of a ruptured cyst. Para sa buntis na may ovarian cyst kagaya ng endometrioma, surgery may be necessary to treat it.

Infected Ovarian Cyst or Ovarian Abscess

Infected ovarian cysts are more likely to develop in women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). A pelvic inflammatory disease may result from conditions like gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Infected fluid or pus discharge (“nana”) can be released from ruptured infected ovarian cysts or abscess resulting to bleeding and bacterial contamination in the abdomen.

Sepsis can occur if an infected cyst ruptures. Sepsis is an immune response that can be life-threatening. Para sa buntis na may ovarian cyst na may impeksyon, kailangan ito gamutin gamit ang antibiotics. In some cases, surgical drainage of the cysts is required.

Ovarian Torsion

The weight of a cyst might cause the ovaries to turn over, with the fallopian tube and connective tissues containing ovarian blood vessels being twisted. This condition is called ovarian torsion. When the ovaries turn over, blood flow is reduced.

The lack of blood supply to the ovary can lead to severe inflammation and ovarian death (necrosis). A surgical procedure is needed to correct ovarian torsion.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Fertilized eggs can implant in abnormal locations outside the uterus, causing ectopic pregnancy.

Ectopic pregnancy usually occurs in the fallopian tubes. Rarely, fertilized eggs get implanted on the ovary. A cyst that has developed as a result of an ectopic pregnancy must be surgically removed or treated with medication. The cyst becomes worse over time and may cause severe pain and bleeding.

Kapag hindi naagapan, ang ectopic pregnancy ay isang komplikasyon na maaaring maging sanhi ng pagkamatay ng buntis na may ovarian cyst.

What causes ovarian cysts?

  • Hormonal problems – Ovarian cysts caused by hormones such as functional cysts usually go away on their own without any treatment. Occasionally, hormonal problems or medications used to induce ovulation cause cysts to grow in the female reproductive system. Polycystic ovaries are likewise commonly seen in women with hormonal imbalance. Endometriosis is also affected by hormones responsible for the menstrual cycle.
  • Pregnancy – During early pregnancy, ovarian cysts typically form in order to support the pregnancy until the placenta is formed. Cysts may stay on the ovary for a long time and need to be removed later on in the pregnancy.
  • Severe pelvic infections – Cysts can form when an infection spreads to the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
  • A previous ovarian cyst – You’re more likely to develop other cases of ovarian cysts if you’ve already had one.

Key Takeaway

Depending on what type, ovarian cysts may possibly affect pregnancy. Note that some cysts– functional cysts, dermoid cysts, and cystadenomas generally do not cause any adverse effects on fertility or pregnancy unless there is an abnormal enlargement. Visit a specialist to have yourself checked for any ovarian cyst and proceed with the necessary treatment to avoid future complications.

Learn more about Pregnancy Problems here.

health-tool-icon

Pregnancy Weight Gain

This calculator is for women who want to know what their healthy weight gain range during pregnancy is, based upon what their weight was before they became pregnant.

28

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Ovarian cysts, https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/ovarian-cysts

July 18, 2021

 

What is an ovarian cyst?, https://familydoctor.org/condition/ovarian-cyst/

July 18, 2021

 

Ovarian Cysts and Pregnancy: Could A Cyst Stop Me from Having a Baby?, https://www.pennmedicine.org/updates/blogs/fertility-blog/2016/august/ovarian-cysts

July 18, 2021

 

Ovarian cysts and infertility: A connection?, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cysts/expert-answers/ovarian-cysts-and-infertility/faq-20057806

July 18, 2021

 

What Risks Are Associated with a Ruptured Ovarian Cyst?, https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/what-risks-are-associated-with-a-ruptured-ovarian-cyst

July 18, 2021

 

Ruptured ovarian cyst, https://radiopaedia.org/articles/ruptured-ovarian-cyst

July 18, 2021

 

Ovarian cysts found during early pregnancy, https://www.womens-health-center.org/obstetrics/pregnancy/ovarian-cysts/

July 18, 2021

 

Ovarian cysts, https://www.healthnavigator.org.nz/health-a-z/o/ovarian-cysts/

July 18, 2021

 

Ovarian Cysts, https://utswmed.org/conditions-treatments/ovarian-cysts/

July 18, 2021

 

Ovarian Cyst and Torsion, https://www.nationwidechildrens.org/conditions/ovarian-cyst-and-torsion

July 18, 2021

Picture of the authorbadge
Written by Hazel Caingcoy Updated 2 weeks ago
Medically reviewed by Mary Rani Cadiz, MD