Most women with polycystic ovary syndrome also have increased insulin levels or insulin resistance. Our body uses insulin to absorb sugar and use it as energy.
Problems such as increased insulin levels or insulin resistance may lead to high blood sugar, the appearance of dark patches of skin (acanthosis nigricans), and even excess weight gain and obesity.
The potential complications of PCOS
The effects we enumerated above already warrant medical intervention; however, when not managed appropriately, PCOS can further progress and increase the woman’s risk of developing:
Women with PCOS who experience increased insulin levels or insulin resistance may develop pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes later in their life. Additionally, if they get pregnant, they may experience gestational diabetes and even gestational hypertensive disorders, such as preeclampsia.
According to experts, one of the potential long-term complications of PCOS is endometrial cancer.
They explain that women normally experience monthly thickening of the endometrial lining in preparation for pregnancy. When fertilization doesn’t happen, the body “sheds” the extra lining during menstruation.
However, women with PCOS have irregular or infrequent menstruation; that’s why they cannot fully shed the thickened lining. This makes them more at risk of having endometrial cancer.
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