- Fetal overgrowth
- Fetal growth restriction
- Other conditions
These complications can make labor difficult and potentially dangerous for the mother. Moreover, said complications can cause long-term medical issues in the baby such as:
Disorders that occur during pregnancy are often diagnosed late in pregnancy, typically around the second to third trimester. However, the disorder would likely have a huge impact on the baby and mother by that time. The goal of that study was to find out if earlier testing could identify risks early in pregnancy.
Life Threatening Complications During Pregnancy: Earlier Detection
Researchers created a map of the hormonal proteins from placentas taken from test mice, and compared these to the human placenta datasets along with their pregnancy outcomes. The researchers found a lot of overlap when they compared the results. They found that about a third of the identified proteins changes in a woman when they have a pregnancy disorder.
They also found abnormal hormone levels in a mother’s blood as early as their first trimester. The abnormal hormone levels were found in women who got gestational diabetes, which is normally detected in the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy.
Another finding the study had was that they were able to identify specific transcription factors. Those factors are proteins in a cell that turn genes on or off. The proteins can control placental hormone production, helping researchers learn more about how they can prevent pregnancy disorders.