- Vaginal Bleeding. If you do not suspect pregnancy, you may think that vaginal bleeding is your normal monthly menstruation. However, unlike the normal menstrual blood, vaginal blood in ectopic pregnancy may be dark brown and watery. Additionally, it’s not “continuous,” it often starts and stops.
- Abdominal Pain. Since a lot of things can cause tummy pain, such as indigestion and gas, it will be hard to use this symptom to spot an ectopic pregnancy. However, if you are keen to know how to prevent ectopic pregnancy complications, you must take note of abdominal pain. Typically, you can feel this tummy ache on one side of your lower abdomen.
- Shoulder Pain. To be more specific, you will feel the pain on your shoulder tip. This is the point where your shoulder ends and your arm begins. It’s still not understood why it happens, but it is linked with ectopic pregnancy and some bleeding in the fallopian tube.
- Pain during urination and bowel movement. With an ectopic pregnancy, you may experience pain when you pee or pass stool. Diarrhea may also be included.
When to See a Doctor
If you suspect having this condition, the best practice on how to prevent ectopic pregnancy complications is to seek medical attention right away. In other words, if you believe that you may be pregnant and then you experience any of the symptoms described above, consult a doctor for further diagnosis.
Additionally, you must seek medical help immediately if you develop the following emergency symptoms:
- Sharp and sudden pain in the abdomen; the pain can also be described as “intense”
- Light-headedness or feeling faint or dizzy
- Looking very pale
- Feeling sick
These signs may indicate the rupture of a fallopian tube. A rupture happens when the baby grows large enough to “split-open” the fallopian tube. Please note that this is a medical emergency and surgery is necessary to stop the bleeding and repair the damage.
Once the doctor diagnoses an ectopic pregnancy, they will have to treat it right away to prevent complications. Treatment mostly involves:
- Medications. If the ectopic pregnancy is found early, the doctor may prescribe medications to end the pregnancy. One medication, methotrexate, may be used to avoid surgery. However, you will need constant monitoring to see if it worked or if it will cause complications.
- Surgery. If the ectopic pregnancy progressed passed the first few weeks, the doctor may opt for surgery rather than medication. A common type of surgery for this is laparoscopy, which only needs a small incision to remove the ectopic tissue and repair damages.
How to Prevent Ectopic Pregnancy
Unfortunately, the practices on how to prevent ectopic pregnancy are very limited. Additionally, these practices do not really prevent the condition; rather, they only lower the risk.