Both have been proven to be successful procedures, but both also come with risks. In this IVF vs artificial insemination primer, we will help you understand both procedures.
IVF vs Artificial Insemination: What is Artificial Insemination?
Artificial insemination is a procedure that places sperm into a woman’s cervix or uterus.
The procedure starts with the fertility doctor assessing the fallopian tubes to check for scarring or endometriosis. This disease makes parts of the female reproductive organs stick to each other. Fertilization usually occurs in the fallopian tubes, so they must be checked before the procedure to make sure they are in good condition.
The next steps involve stimulating the woman’s ovulation with clomiphene and then monitoring the woman’s ovulation cycle. On the day the ovary releases an ovum, sperm from the partner or donor is collected, washed, then inserted into the woman’s uterus with a catheter.
Does Sperm Quality Affect Outcome?
Artificial insemination requires good quality sperm because even though it will be injected deep into the uterus, the sperm will still need to swim to the egg as with the natural method. For the best quality, sperm needs to be fresh, meaning it should be collected on the same day the sample will be inserted. For those working with donor sperm, frozen sperm can be used. But the thawed sperm must be assessed first for quality. It must be strong enough to swim.
If after three ovulation cycles and pregnancy does not occur, another round of clomiphene, monitoring of ovulation, and artificial insemination will be performed. For the third attempt, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) will be injected to stimulate ovulation. Your doctor may recommend in vitro fertilization if the three attempts are not successful.
What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assisted reproductive technology procedure that involves fertilizing the eggs outside of the body. The embryos will then be transplanted into the uterus.