Infertility affects 15% of couples globally.
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Infertility affects 15% of couples globally.
This is determined by failure to conceive within one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. Infertility can be caused by both male and female factors. Female infertility accounts for one-third of all infertility cases.
Another one-third of infertility problems are due to the man. Other cases are attributed to both or some unknown problems. How to check for infertility include multiple tests and procedures.
It is important to check in with a doctor first once you decide to get pregnant.
The first step in knowing how to check for infertility is identifying what may cause it. Infertility can have multiple causes. For the female, it is usually due to the following:
Most female infertility cases are associated with issues of ovulation.
Ovulation is when the ovaries release an egg days before the start of menstrual cycle. Obesity, hormonal imbalances, and tumors can interfere with ovulation.
The fallopian tube is where the sperm meets the egg for fertilization. Sometimes, blockages form, which disrupts the process. These may be caused by the following:
This is an infection in the woman’s reproductive organs.
This occurs when a tissue found within the uterus grows outside and in other parts of the body.
Birth defects like Down’s syndrome or spina bifida
History of ectopic pregnancy
This occurs when clumps of tissue grow within the walls of the uterus. These are usually benign or non-cancerous.
For males, infertility can be caused by the following:
This is indicated by sperm count, motility, and appearance. Sperm growth and development can be affected by a number of factors, some of which include:
How to check for infertility in both male and female is also determined by shared causes, including:
Knowing how to check for infertility means watching out for symptoms.
Infertility symptoms usually depend on the cause. Sometimes, these indicate other health conditions related to infertility. For women, common symptoms include:
On the other hand, symptoms in males are usually unnoticeable until they try to conceive. Some symptoms which might manifest include the following:
Contact your doctor once you experience symptoms accompanied by pain and discomfort. These include abdominal pain and abnormal bleeding in women, and swelling around the testicles for the males.
Undergoing tests and procedures help doctors in how to check for infertility. Both male and female infertility can be assessed through a physical exam. This includes collecting your medical history to identify potential factors that could contribute to infertility.
For women, your doctor might have to conduct other tests, some of which include:
Tracking your ovulation can also help in how to check for infertility. This can help your doctor assess you further and makes it easier to recommend treatment.
Males are also subjected to additional tests, including:
Treatment comes after knowing how to check for infertility. Treatment of male and female infertility is dependent on the cause. These can include medications or surgical procedures.
Most infertility cases in women involve issues with ovulation. These are usually managed using hormone medications. These are also called fertility drugs. Example of fertility medicines include:
Female infertility treatment can also involve surgery. This is done when you have blockages in the fallopian tube or scarring within the uterus. For example, endometriosis can be treated through laparoscopic surgery.
Some couples, however, undergo assisted reproductive technologies (ART) which includes:
It is important to consult with your doctor first on your best options for parenthood. Your current health state should be taken into consideration for a safe pregnancy.
After knowing how to check for infertility, you can do the following to minimize your risks:
Infertility is accounted for by both male and female problems. For women, it is caused mainly by issues with ovulation. On the other hand, male infertility is indicated by low sperm health.
In some cases however, infertility occurs due to blockages and scarring within the reproductive organs. Age and lifestyle choices can also affect your ability to conceive.
Female infertility is indicated by symptoms including irregular or absence of menstrual period, and excessive hair growth. Symptoms among males are not usually visible. However, they may experience pain and swelling around the testicles, and issues with ejaculation and erection.
How to check for infertility involves multiple tests and procedures. These procedures examine reproductive organs for infections, defects, and abnormalities.
Once diagnosed, infertility can be treated with either medications or through surgery. Some couples also opt for assisted reproductive technologies to increase their chances.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.