Infertility affects 15% of couples globally.
Infertility affects 15% of couples globally.
Infertility is failure to conceive within one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. This can be caused by both male and female factors. Female infertility accounts for one-third of all infertility cases. Another one-third of infertility problems are due to the man. Other cases are attributed to both or some unknown problems. Checking for infertility include multiple tests and procedures.
It is important to check in with a doctor first once you decide to get pregnant.
The first step in knowing infertility is identifying what may cause it. For the female, it is usually due to the following:
Most female infertility cases are due to issues of ovulation.
Ovulation is when the ovaries release an egg days before the start of the menstrual cycle. Obesity, hormonal imbalances, and tumors can interfere with ovulation.
The fallopian tube is where the sperm meets the egg for fertilization. Sometimes, blockages form, which disrupts the process. These may be caused by the following:
Like Down Syndrome or spina bifida.
Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of the uterus.
This occurs when clumps of tissue grow within the walls of the uterus. These are usually benign or non-cancerous.
For males, infertility can be caused by the following:
This is indicated by sperm count, motility, and appearance. Sperm growth and development can be affected by a number of factors, some of which include:
Studies show that fertility declines as you get older. Sperm motility decreases in men while women may suffer from a miscarriage. Additionally, children born after their parents are 35 are more likely to have abnormalities.
Additional fat deposits in men can affect their sperm quality. Meanwhile, women who are overweight are likely to take twice as long to get pregnant.
Frequent intake of alcohol and use of tobacco and drugs can impair functionality of reproductive organs.
Infertility symptoms usually depend on the cause. Sometimes, these indicate other health conditions related to infertility.
On the other hand, symptoms in males are usually unnoticeable until they try to conceive. Some symptoms which might manifest include the following:
Contact your doctor once you experience symptoms accompanied by pain and discomfort. These include abdominal pain and abnormal bleeding in women, and swelling around the testicles for the males.
Undergoing tests and procedures help doctors in how to check for infertility. Both male and female infertility can be assessed through a physical exam. This includes collecting your medical history to identify potential factors that could contribute to infertility.
A sample of cervical mucus is tested for possible infections.
These are used to check for infections or hormonal imbalances. For example, the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in the blood can indicate the quantity of a woman’s egg supply.
This tests blood or urine to determine if ovulation is recurring. This kit is available over-the-counter.
This method is used to examine the fallopian tubes for blockages. A liquid dye is injected into the uterus while simultaneously taking x-ray pictures to see if the liquid is able to move freely along the fallopian tubes.
Healthcare professionals perform this procedure by inserting a small camera through the abdomen to examine reproductive organs.
This involves inserting a long, thin camera through the vagina to the uterus.
This looks at the uterus and ovaries for developing cysts and other abnormalities.
This method combines ultrasound and saline injected into the uterus. This makes it easy to examine the uterus’ inner lining.
Tracking your ovulation can also help in how to check for infertility. This can help your doctor assess you further and makes it easier to recommend treatment.
A semen sample is collected for examination under a microscope. This evaluates the sperm’s quantity, motility, and appearance.
This is usually done after semen analysis shows little to no sperm presence at all. The procedure is done by inserting a needle through the scrotum to get a sample of tissue for evaluation.
Transrectal ultrasound uses a probe to examine the male’s reproductive organ. This is helpful in determining if there are blockages and structural damage.
Treatment comes after knowing how to check for infertility. Treatment of male and female infertility is dependent on the cause. These can include medications or surgical procedures.
Most infertility cases in women involve issues with ovulation. Doctors may manage a variety of conditions using hormone medications.
Female infertility treatment can also involve surgery. This is done when you have blockages in the fallopian tube or scarring within the uterus. For example, laparoscopic surgery can, at times, treat endometriosis.
For some couples, however, undergo assisted reproductive technologies (ART) which includes:
It is important to consult with your doctor first on your best options for parenthood.
After knowing how to check for infertility, you can do the following to minimize your risks:
Infertility can affect both men and womn. For women, it is mainly an issue with ovulation. On the other hand, male infertility is because of low sperm health.
In some cases however, infertility occurs due to blockages and scarring within the reproductive organs. Age and lifestyle choices can also affect your ability to conceive.
Female infertility shows symptoms including irregular or absence of menstrual period, and excessive hair growth. In contrast, symptoms among males are not usually visible. However, they may experience pain and swelling around the testicles, and issues with ejaculation and erection.
How to check for infertility involves multiple tests and procedures. These procedures examine reproductive organs for infections, defects, and abnormalities.
Medical professionals can treat infertility with either medications or through surgery. Some couples also opt for assisted reproductive technologies to increase their chances.
Learn more about Getting Pregnant here.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.