- Protein – Try to eat more meat, beans, and fish because protein is the main element of your diet that is vital for fetal growth.
- Calcium – Calcium is needed for the development of the baby’s bones, teeth, muscles, and nervous system.
- Iron – This nutrient helps the blood supply oxygen to your baby and decrease one’s risk of anemia.
Maintain a healthy weight
Gaining weight throughout pregnancy is normal, particularly in the second and third trimesters. When you are pregnant, your weight increases because of the increased amount of blood in your body, the weight of the infant, and the presence of amniotic fluid.
If you want to avoid gaining weight more than recommended, avoid eating more than 300 extra calories a day. Speak to your doctor about any necessary adjustments to your diet.
Avoid lying on your back for a long time
Because the uterus is now quite large, lying on your back for an extended period of time can put pressure on your spinal cord and the primary blood vessels around the area. Many pregnant women find it more comfortable to lay down on their left side.
Say no to tobacco and alcohol
Chewing tobacco and active smoking delays fetal growth and increases the chances of going into preterm labor. For your baby’s protection, it is best to also stay away from friends and relatives who smoke near you.
Moreover, drinking too much alcohol can disturb the baby’s brain development. Pregnant women are also advised to limit their coffee intake to one or two cups per day. This is because caffeine can penetrate to your baby’s placenta and cause a heart rate spike.
What to ask the doctor
By the 18th week of your pregnancy, see the doctor for an ultrasound to check the baby’s development. By this time, you can also discover your child’s sex.
During this week, you may want to ask your doctor some questions to make sure your second trimester of pregnancy is as healthy as the previous one: