If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is best to drink water as soon as possible:
- Extreme thirst
- Urine that is much darker than usual
- Peeing less than four times a day
- Dry lips, mouth, and eyes
If you are experiencing the following symptoms together with those previously mentioned, call a doctor immediately:
- Bloody or black feces
- Disorientation, or feeling sleepier than usual
- Unable to tolerate fluids orally
- Experiencing diarrhea for more than a day
These may be warning signs of severe dehydration and may require immediate dehydration treatment.
Dehydration: First Aid
Mild dehydration can easily be treated at home by replenishing all the lost fluids and electrolytes. First aid for dehydration entails using an oral rehydration solution to alleviate symptoms caused by dehydration in children. It is recommended that this solution is first given in small amounts to gauge whether or not the child can tolerate it. It is also advised that the solution be diluted with water.
Teens and adults
For older children and adults, drinking water with oral rehydration salts can help with mild dehydration. It is important that only clear liquids like water or clear broth be given to a person suffering from dehydration because juice or soda may worsen their condition.
If a person is experiencing dehydration from heat exhaustion, make sure to bring them to a cooler environment. First aid for heat exhaustion also involves immediate replenishing of fluids through water or other beverages that do not contain caffeine or alcohol.
If you suspect that you or a loved one is suffering from heat exhaustion, you should:
- Get them to lie down, and elevate their legs
- Make sure to get rid of any clothing that is restrictive
- Wipe them down with a sponge or towel soaked in cool water