There are three different types of conditions that fall under malnutrition.
This is the insufficient intake of energy and nutrients to meet one’s needs. This is what most people associate the most with malnutrition. It splits into three further categories:
Stunting. This refers to being short for your age due to undernutrition. It may be due to poor socioeconomic conditions, an underlying medical condition, or limited access to food.
Wasting. This is when a person is too light (weight-wise) for their height due to nutrition issues. Wasting often comes with possible severe weight loss due to a sudden shortage of food or an infectious disease.
Underweight. This means being too light for one’s age. Being underweight can also mean that the person is experiencing stunting and/or wasting.
The second condition is micronutrient-related malnutrition, which involves a deficiency in vitamins and minerals. These deficiencies can lead to possible health complications down the line.
Obesity, being overweight, and other diet-related diseases fall under malnutrition because it often indicates a deficit in quality energy. Diseases like cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke also fall under this category.