What are the symptoms of male infertility?
Male infertility can have multiple causes. Some are due to problems with sperm development. In other cases, they might experience difficulty in delivering sperm to the woman’s ovaries. Infertility usually does not show visible symptoms, especially in men. However, there are male infertility warning signs you should be aware of:
Low sexual drive
Male infertility warning signs include a lack of a sex drive. Changes in virility are triggered by the hormones responsible for the male reproductive system. Injuries and diseases like pituitary tumors can also cause hormonal problems.
Pain, discomfort, and swelling in the testicles
These can come from trauma or minor accidents such as a direct kick to the crotch. Sometimes, these are medical emergencies that may require surgery.
Testicular swelling can be a result of the following:
Testicular torsion. This is characterized by a twisted testicle in the scrotum. As a result, the twisting disrupts blood flow, which impairs the functionality of the testicles.
Varicoceles. This is an enlargement of veins in the scrotum.
Epididymitis. This is due to a bacterial infection in the testicles.
Hydrocele. This occurs when there is the buildup of fluid around the testicles due to an injury or blockage.
Hernia. If not treated immediately, it can damage the vas deferens, the tube in which the sperm travels through.
Erectile dysfunction (ED)
This is one of the most obvious infertility warning signs among men. It is the inability to maintain an erection firm enough for intercourse. This condition affects at least 30 million males. In most cases, ED relates to hormonal imbalances. Other causes include:
Venous leak. A venous leak occurs when the blood vessels do not constrict enough to keep the blood in during sexual arousal.
Anxiety and stress. Studies show that psychological factors can affect a man’s sexual drive and performance.
Lifestyle choices. Alcohol, tobacco, and drugs contain ingredients that can affect the functionality of the reproductive organs.
Issues with semen
Difficulty in ejaculating during intercourse is one of the more observable male infertility warning signs. This is often a direct result of erectile dysfunction. The inability to ejaculate can indicate problems with sperm production as well as other health conditions such as diabetes and/or nerve problems. If a man is able to ejaculate, sometimes the problem lies in the quality of sperm. Usual causes are: