Male infertility can have multiple causes. Some cases are due to genes, while others are a result of poor lifestyle choices. How to make sperm healthy for pregnancy depends on the cause. Male fertility does not have visible symptoms. However, it is important to know what may be causing it. Some causes include:
Pre-existing health conditions like chromosomal abnormalities and hormonal imbalances affect reproduction.
Men whose body mass index (BMI) is above 30 are more likely to have poor sperm quality. An increase in fat can affect sperm shape and motility. Additionally, it influences male traits that can alter the baby’s DNA.
According to a study, a man’s potential to conceive decreases by the time he reaches the age of 35. Children who are born during and after this time are more likely to suffer from genetic defects, such as Down’s Syndrome and autism. Sperm motility also declines as you get older.
A history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause male infertility. It affects sperm quality due to genital inflammation. Severe cases can also produce blockages that prevent sperm cells from moving out of the testicles. STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.
These injuries often include pain, discomfort, and swelling around the testicles. Trauma and accidents usually are the root cause. In severe cases, varicoceles can affect sperm production due to the disruption of blood flow.
Testicles have a lower temperature compared to other organs. Subjecting them to heat for extended periods can compromise sperm health and functionality. How to make sperm healthy for pregnancy include avoiding hot baths and saunas, as well as wearing loose-fitting undergarments.
Alcoholism, tobacco, and drug use