Electrical Injuries are Common in Children
Reports say that electrical injuries are common in children, especially toddlers, who are too young to comprehend its dangers.
Toddlers often sustain electric shock from biting into cords or inserting metal objects such as knives, forks, and spoons into unprotected appliances and outlets.
Electric shock can also happen when electrical toys, tools, and appliances are used incorrectly or come in contact with water where a child is standing or sitting (bathtub, pool, etc.)
What is the Effect of Electric Shock on the Human Body?
Electric shock occurs when electricity passes through the body, causing minor or severe injuries. The extent of damages usually depends on the following factors:
- Type of Current: Alternating Current (AC), where the direction of electricity changes periodically, tends to be more dangerous. Direct Current (DC) is less harmful; people often get thrown off when exposed to DC.
- Tissues Involved: Moist tissues such as the mouth (when kids bite into the cord) increase conductivity and are, therefore, more severe.
- Path: Path refers to how the electricity flows in the body. Trans-thoracic (hand-to-hand) tends to be the most dangerous because of the increased risk of heart and spinal cord damage. The next most hazardous is vertical (hand-to-foot), and the least dangerous is straddle (foot-to-foot).
- Duration: The effect of electric shock on the human body also depends on the duration. The longer the exposure is, the more serious the injuries tend to be.
And of course, the amount of voltage involved plays a significant role in whether or not the child sustains a minor or serious injury.