What Causes a Miscarriage?
Before we dive into how to prevent miscarriage early in pregnancy, you must first learn about the known causes of a miscarriage. Being knowledgeable about the causes of miscarriage will help you a lot in determining what preventive measures you can take to have a healthy and safe pregnancy.
The possible causes of a miscarriage are:
- Chromosomal abnormalities. Missing or excessive number of genetic materials might lead to chromosomal abnormalities. These abnormalities can cause birth defects, intellectual disabilities, and a possible miscarriage.
- Hormonal imbalance like an increase in prolactin can disrupt the proper development of the uterine lining
- Abnormalities in the uterus or cervix such as congenital uterine anomalies and cervical insufficiency
- Infections such as rubella, HIV, chlamydia, and malaria
- Unhealthy lifestyle such as smoking, as well as alcohol and substance abuse
- Underlying medical conditions like uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, congenital heart disease, kidney and thyroid diseases, and autoimmune disorders
- Exposure to radiation or pollution
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Age and/or excessive weight
What are the Signs of a Miscarriage?
The most familiar sign of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding that might look like the usual menstrual blood. You may find it difficult to see the difference between miscarriage bleeding and menstrual bleeding as both may have blood clots.
Usually, a miscarriage has vaginal bleeding accompanied by abdominal cramps that are quite stronger than normal menstrual cramps. However, some women mentioned that they did not feel any cramping during their miscarriage.
Aside from vaginal bleeding, here are other miscarriage warning signs you need to watch out for:
- Persistent heavy vaginal bleeding
- Extreme pain in the lower abdomen
- Watery vaginal discharge that might be mixed with blood, clots, and pieces of tissue or meaty material.
- Intense pain in the back or extreme cramping
- The sudden absence of normal pregnancy symptoms like the tenderness of the breasts and nausea. Although these symptoms go away on their own as the pregnancy progresses, it is still best to get yourself checked, just in case.