Veganism and Vegetarianism
Some interchange the meaning of veganism with vegetarianism as both abstain from eating meat and poultry. Vegetarianism focuses on eating more plant-based food and can include milk, seafood, and eggs depending on its type.
On the other hand, vegans not only exclude all animal-based food but also refrain from using products made from animals such as bags and shoes. There are certain vitamins and minerals that they might miss out on by not eating meat, but there are more alternatives in the market that make it possible.
While changing diets can be beneficial as it lowers the risk of heart disease with less fat and sugar and more fiber, it is best to consult with a medical professional before changing your diet. There may be some that need to gradually change their diet instead of changing it immediately.
Pregnancy and Veganism
Most of the studies show that there are no adverse effects when the mother chooses to be vegan while carrying a baby. The nutrients needed by the body can be substituted by a plant-based alternative. If the food still lacks the nutritional requirement for pregnancy, there are supplements that can be taken to help meet what is needed by the body.
What needs to be considered, however, is that the same studies show that babies born from vegan mothers also have lower birth weights compared to non-vegan or vegetarian mothers. Also, there is a risk of nutrient deficiencies, especially for those which commonly come from animals. Careful food planning should be done to avoid missing out on the required nutrients to keep your baby healthy.