Other symptoms of a gout flare include discomfort after the pain subsides (usually after the first 12 hours) and not being able to move your joints as much (limited range of motion). Gout can occur in other joints like the fingers, wrists, elbows, knees, and ankles.
What are the risk factors of gout?
Men are generally more prone to developing gout. Women who are in menopause are also more at risk of gout. The following risk factors may also increase your chances of hyperuricemia and gout:
Consuming alcoholic and/or sugary drinks. Things like beer, fortified wines, and spirits can cause a spike in uric acid. Sodas and other sugary drinks can also raise a person’s levels of uric acid.
Eating food rich in purine. Some seafood such as anchovies, sardines, mussels, and scallops are food high in purine which should not be eaten in excess. Meat like bacon and liver are also foods that can increase a person’s levels of uric acid.
Being obese or overweight. Those who are obese or overweight usually produce an excess of uric acid.
Having preexisting conditions. Some medical conditions such as heart disease and kidney dysfunction can cause high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Taking certain medications. Diuretics and medications that treat high blood pressure, cholesterol issues, and psoriasis can trigger a flare up. Some chemotherapy medicines can also do the same.
Having family medical history. If someone in your family has gout, then you and other family members are at risk of developing this condition as well.
Being dehydrated. Not drinking enough water can affect kidney functions and lead to hyperuricemia.
How do you treat or manage gout?
Gout is a joint condition that can only be managed, not cured. Thankfully, medicine to lessen the pain and discomfort of a flare-up are available. During the onset of symptoms, your doctor may recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), colchicine, and corticosteroids.