Being obese or overweight. Those who are obese or overweight usually produce an excess of uric acid.
Having preexisting conditions. Some medical conditions such as heart disease and kidney dysfunction can cause high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Taking certain medications. Diuretics and medications that treat high blood pressure, cholesterol issues, and psoriasis can trigger a flare up. Some chemotherapy medicines can also do the same.
Having family medical history. If someone in your family has gout, then you and other family members are at risk of developing this condition as well.
Being dehydrated. Not drinking enough water can affect kidney functions and lead to hyperuricemia.
How do you treat or manage gout?
Gout is a joint condition that can only be managed, not cured. Thankfully, medicine to lessen the pain and discomfort of a flare-up are available. During the onset of symptoms, your doctor may recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), colchicine, and corticosteroids.
Your doctor may also recommend medications for managing your uric levels such as Febuxostat, Allopurinol, and Pegloticase.
Can you prevent it?
Those who are at risk of developing gout can prevent a flare up by maintaining a diet that is low in uric acid. This means avoiding large amounts of red meat, seafood, alcohol, and sugary drinks. It’s also a good idea to drink lots of water everyday (about 2 liters) and to maintain a healthy weight.
If you suspect that your medication is causing uric acid problems, consult your doctor.
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