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The 5As Approach to Smoking Cessation

The 5As Approach to Smoking Cessation

Everyone tries to quit smoking in their own way. Some people may choose to do it gradually, while others may opt to go cold turkey. The effectiveness of every method will depend on the person and the smoking cessation steps that they take.

However, there is a brief intervention training smoking cessation that you may try if you are serious about quitting. When you look for programs to help you quit, they often choose a program based on your readiness to quit smoking stages.

The 5As of Smoking Cessation

When it comes to the intervention, there are five smoking cessation steps that you can expect.

Ask

The first step is Ask. Every patient will get identified for tobacco use and their tobacco use will also be documented.

Advise

The next A stands for Advise. The person who will help you with your intervention will find the proper way to urge you to quit smoking. Each approach will vary from patient to patient since each person will respond differently.

Assess

The person who will help you quit will assess whether or not you are willing to quit.

Assist

You may be offered pharmacotherapy and counseling to help you quit.

Arrange

The fifth and final A means Arrange. You may get scheduled for a follow-up, either via telephone or in-person. This typically happens about o week after you quit.

The 5As smoking cessation steps can be a helpful way to stop smoking. It can help you stay accountable to stay clean from cigarettes when you know someone is monitoring your progress. Smoking cessation treatments can help you understand and learn why you smoke and help you find better and healthier coping mechanisms to replace smoking.

Tips to More Successfully Stop Smoking

Avoid Triggers

A good tip to follow when you quit smoking is to avoid triggers. Certain people, feelings, and activities can be linked to smoking for many people, which can make it hard to quit whenever they see a trigger.

For instance, if you see a smoking area, you may be tempted to stop by there. Therefore, you should make sure you avoid places with easily accessible smoking areas to discourage yourself from smoking.

Find Another Distraction

You may also try to find ways to occupy your hands. Many people smoke because their hand movement has become a habit. You can try to use a stress ball or play a game to keep your hands occupied.

Avoid Other Smokers

Additionally, you may want to spend more time with people who do not smoke. If you are around people who are non-smokers, you will be less tempted to smoke a cigarette.

Personal Reasons

You can also create a list of reasons why you want to quit smoking and put that reminder on your phone. That way, you can look at your list of reasons whenever you feel the urge to smoke and remind yourself why you want to stop.

Why You Ought to Quit Nicotine

There are numerous reasons that you ought to quit smoking. For one thing, quitting smoking can help extend your life expectancy because you are lowering your risk of getting certain diseases.

Some of the diseases that smoking can cause are:

  • Lung cancer
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Emphysema
  • Throat cancer

It can also lower your risk of getting anesthesia and respiratory complications during surgeries.

Quitting tobacco use can also be beneficial to those around you. Secondhand smoke is dangerous, especially for pregnant women and children. For instance, it can cause asthma in children and can irritate people who currently have asthma.

Additionally, there are some other minor benefits you may enjoy. For instance, quitting cigarettes can easily save you a ton of money. Plus, it can also help you stop getting dull skin, stained teeth, wrinkles, bad breath, etc.

smoking cessation steps

Why Quitting Nicotine Can Be Difficult

While there are many reasons why people may find it hard to quit smoking, there is one clear reason that everyone may share. Nicotine is addictive. Hence, patients develop nicotine withdrawal symptoms.

Additionally, some people may use it as a coping mechanism to deal with things, such as anxiety and stress. However, studies have shown that cigarettes can actually increase the chance of a person developing anxiety.

Are There Side Effects From Quitting Nicotine?

A huge reason why people continue to smoke is that they are afraid of the withdrawal symptoms. When you smoke for quite some time, your body will adjust to having nicotine. So you may feel the need to have nicotine in your body to feel normal.

You may feel like you crave cigarettes and feel uncomfortable when you go through the withdrawals. Some other symptoms of nicotine withdrawal include:

  • Difficulty concentrating (often because of the cravings)
  • Irritability
  • Sweating
  • Sore throat
  • Increased appetite and weight gain
  • Changes in mood (dysphoria or depression)
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness

However, the side effects of nicotine withdrawal will eventually wane and these are nothing compared to the harmful effects of smoking. The first few days to the first week of quitting may be the most difficult. Luckily, most people get over their withdrawal symptoms about 1-3 months after they quit.

Key Takeaways

The effects of smoking on one’s health and those around you are serious. It is estimated that tobacco kills about more than 8 million people every year. And this is alarming and unfortunate as death by tobacco is preventable.

Many people may find it difficult to quit smoking tobacco because it has addictive properties. However, that does not mean it is impossible.

Learn more about how to Quit Smoking here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Tobacco https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco, Accessed Aug 12, 2020

Health Effects of Secondhand Smoke, https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/health_effects/index.htm, Accessed Aug 12, 2020

Asthma and Secondhand Smoke, https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/secondhand-smoke-asthma.html, Accessed Aug 12, 2020

The psychobiology of nicotine dependence, https://err.ersjournals.com/content/17/110/172, Accessed Aug 12, 2020

How cigarette smoking may increase the risk of anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders: a critical review of biological pathways, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3683289/, Accessed Aug 12, 2020

Effectiveness of the 5-As Tobacco Cessation Treatments in Nine HMOs, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2628990/, Accessed Aug 12, 2020

 

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Medical reviewed by Marie Bianca Angelica Tech, M.D.
Written by Den Alibudbud
Updated Aug 12, 2020
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