The Science Behind Nicotine Addiction
Nicotine is naturally found in tobacco and other plants. When nicotine enters the body, it binds to receptors in the brain and nerves.
After binding, dopamine and other neurotransmitters are released. This is responsible for the feelings of pleasure and relief. However, this manipulation of the pleasure system of the brain contributes to dependency and addiction.
Nicotine is highly addictive and many people become hooked after the first use. The risk of addiction is greater the younger someone is exposed to nicotine or if someone in the family is dependent or addicted.
Nicotine Addiction Treatments
Addiction is a complicated disorder that affects both the body and mind. In the Philippines, smoking cessation programs employ several strategies to help people quit. These strategies aim to motivate, guide, counsel, support, and prevent relapse.
Firstly, it is important to see a doctor. They can determine how severely nicotine and tobacco use has affected the body and help set goals. A psychologist or therapist also assists to determine if the addiction is accompanied by other psychological problems.
Even if face-to-face contact is not possible, smoking cessation hotlines, online consultations, and printed self-help materials are readily available.
Additionally, having supportive friends and family during this time is helpful. If multiple members of the household are actively smoking, it would be best to try quitting together. Exposure to secondhand smoke can harm health and trigger nicotine cravings.