Gastric banding is one of those weight loss surgeries that involve attaching a silicone band circling the upper part of the stomach to reduce the stomach size and decrease food consumption. This surgery is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an effective weight loss surgery.
The surgeon ties the band around the upper portion of the stomach and attaches a tube to the band. They can access the tube via a port beneath the abdomen skin.
The surgeons inject saline solution into the band to inflate it using this port. The adjustment of the band can alter the degree of constriction around the stomach. The band divides the stomach into two parts – a small pouch on the top with the rest of the stomach below.
Having a smaller stomach reduces the consumption of food. Also, it keeps the stomach satiated by eating only a smaller portion. This reduces hunger and limits food intake.
As a plus point, this weight loss surgery allows normal digestion without malabsorption.
This is also called biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, and is more complex than other weight loss surgeries. The duodenal switch requires two separate surgeries.
The first is similar to gastric sleeve surgery and the second redirects food to bypass most of your small intestine. Also, the surgeon reattaches the bypassed section to the last part of the small intestine, allowing digestive juices to mix with food.
Compared to other weight loss surgeries, duodenal switch helps with more weight loss than the other three. However, this surgery is also most likely to cause side effects or surgery-related problems.
Also, it causes a shortage of protein, minerals and vitamins in the body. This is the reason why surgeons don’t usually suggest undergoing this surgery.
Life After Weight Loss Surgeries
These weight loss surgeries can help with drastic weight loss but it cannot entirely help you to fight against obesity.
After undergoing any of these weight loss surgeries, you need to change your lifestyle and eating habits. Maintenance of these changes and habits is important to keep obesity at bay. Also, you need to follow the following points:
- Include healthy food in your diet: Include leafy vegetables, legumes and pulses in your diet which will benefit your overall body.
- Workout: Regular physical activity like a gym workout, yoga, or any cardiovascular activities can help maintain your weight and burn excess fat.
- Less junk food: Although it would be difficult for you to avoid junk food completely, you can limit its consumption. Limitations on soft drinks and processed foods help lower fat production in the body.