What causes nasal congestion
The feeling of congestion indicates that something is blocking the nasal airways. Usually, this is due to tissue swelling, an increase in nasal secretions, and even changes to the nasal passage structures. As a result, the patient can experience a temporary loss of smell.
Common causes of nasal congestion include:
Flu. A.k.a. influenza, the flu is a viral infection that attacks the throat, lungs and nose. Nasal congestion is a common symptom of the flu.
Common Cold. A less severe viral infection of the respiratory system, the common cold can cause nasal congestion.
Sinus Infection. A.k.a. acute sinusitis, this condition causes inflammation and swelling in the sinuses or spaces inside the nose.
Additionally, other causes of nasal congestion are:
How to treat nasal congestion
Treatment for mild cases include over-the-counter medicines and home remedies, depending on the cause or causes of nasal congestion. However, medical assistance is necessary for severe cases of respiratory infections.
There are many medicines that can help deal with nasal congestion. While it depends on the type and amount needed, decongestants like nasal sprays, Phenylephrine, Oxymetazoline, and Pseudoephedrine are available for purchase without a prescription. Additionally, those with nasal congestion due to allergies can use antihistamines to relieve discomfort.