What is a head injury?
The term “head injury” is a broad one, and can refer to a variety of injuries and trauma that can cause damage to any part of the head such as the skull, scalp, brain, and even the tissues that aren’t located on the surface.
Types of head injuries
Different types of head injuries can damage the different parts of the head. However, most head injuries can cause long-term effects and even death in some cases. Regardless of the type, one should always take extra precaution during high-risk situations in order to avoid accidents.
Below are some of the types of head injuries:
A concussion is probably one of the mild types of head injuries, although they can still have plenty of negative side effects. Usually, a person can get a concussion from violent shaking, a sudden blow to the head, or an abrupt, snapping movement (whiplash). Concussions may cause a person to lose consciousness, or feel dazed and disoriented. The effects of a concussion can last for a few minutes or hours after the traumatic event.
Contusion (Intracerebral hematoma)
Contusions result from head trauma that has caused bleeding or swelling of the brain tissue.
A coup-contrecoup injury happens when the blow or trauma to the head is so great that it causes bruising on the brain where it was directly hit and on the other side. This happens when the brain slams onto the other side of the skull.
When a head injury is caused by extreme shaking or a sudden rotating movement, then it’s called a diffuse axonal injury. These types of injuries happen because the brain cannot keep up with the skull’s movement, resulting in tearing of the brain tissue.
Injuries like stab or gunshot wounds may penetrate the skull and brain tissue. It’s further complicated when foreign objects are introduced into the brain.
Symptoms of Brain Injury After Hitting Head