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The common cold is an infection of the upper respiratory tract. Both children and adults are susceptible to the common cold. In this article, we’ll discuss the treatment of the common cold in adults and children.
The common cold is a contagious viral infection. It affects the nose and throat, or the upper respiratory tract. Numerous viruses can cause a cold.
Most adults will experience a cold once or twice a year, although smokers might catch it more often. Thankfully, colds usually go away by themselves after 7 to 10 days. There are many over-the-counter medications that can be used as treatment for the common cold in children and adults.
If your condition fails to improve after 10 days, consult your doctor.
You can expect your child to have around 8 to 10 bouts of the common cold a year. It is also contagious, meaning it can be passed from one person to another through coughing or sneezing. The particles released by a cough or sneeze can be inhaled by someone else, making them sick. That means that family members within the same household can easily catch the bug. Parents, boasting stronger immune systems, run a lower risk of becoming sick.
The common cold is responsible for most sick days that a child will experience in the early years of schooling. Infection may necessitate treatment of the common cold in adults and children.
Symptoms can appear 1 to 3 days after exposure to the virus. Some people will exhibit all symptoms, while others will have just a few of them. The symptoms of the common cold are:
Children can also have less common symptoms, including:
The common cold is not usually a cause for great concern. In most cases, you do not need to bring your child to the hospital for a cold.
However, it is advisable to seek medical attention right away if your child exhibits some of these symptoms:
Your doctor may suggest different types of treatment of the common cold based on the severity of the symptoms.
Many viruses can cause the common cold, with rhinoviruses being the culprit of most cases. Rhinoviruses have also been linked to asthma and sinus infections, making it possible to experience either alongside a cold. Other cold-causing viruses are human parainfluenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, human coronaviruses, and adenovirus.
There are many risk factors for catching the common cold. Here are some factors:
Age. Children younger than 6 are more vulnerable to catching colds.
Weak immune system. A chronic illness or a weakened immune system can increase your chances of catching a cold.
Cold weather. Colder weather makes it easier for some viruses to spread.
Smoking. Cigarette smoking increases the chance of catching the common cold.
Exposure. Exposure or close proximity to individuals who have a cold increases your chances of becoming sick as well.
Here are some home remedies that can help with the treatment of the common cold in children and adults:
The best treatment for the common cold is prevention. To prevent you or your child from catching a cold, it is best to stay away from those who are sick. This is especially true for babies younger than 3 months. Viral infections that are typically mild in adults and older children can become very serious in infants.
Hand washing is key to preventing viral infections and illnesses. Wash your hands with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer regularly, and encourage your child to do the same. It is recommended that people cover their noses and mouths with a piece of tissue and/or handkerchief when coughing or sneezing (tissue should be disposed of immediately after). This prevents virus-containing particles from spreading in the air.
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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.