Antihistamines. These are medications that are most commonly used to treat allergic rhinitis. These medications work by countering histamine, which is what causes allergic rhinitis reactions. Some antihistamine medications have side effects like drowsiness or dryness in the nose, mouth, and eye area.
Decongestants. These are medications made to alleviate a stuffy nose caused by allergic rhinitis. This type of medicine doesn’t treat other allergic rhinitis symptoms.
Immunotherapy. This type of treatment is usually used for those who do not respond to other treatments or experience negative side effects. Types of immunotherapy include allergy shots or sublingual tablets.
Managing Your Symptoms
When it comes to allergic rhinits, the best you can do is try to avoid allergen triggers. Here are things you can do to avoid allergic rhinitis flare-ups:
- Keep windows closed especially when it is a high-pollen season.
- Stay indoors as much as you can during high-pollen seasons.
- Wear sunglasses or glasses if you are outdoors, to prevent pollen from irritating your eyes.
- Invest in dust-proof and mite-proof bed sheets and linen. Wash these regularly.
- Wash your hands after playtime with your pet.
- Mop and vacuum floors often, and avoid sweeping as much as possible. Sweeping can spread dust mites into the air.