Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease and Diabetes
Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder that happens when the brain cells die. It affects the independence of people as they are fond of forgetting things, may it be a recent thing that happened a minute ago.
On the other hand, diabetes refers to the ndlielevation of blood sugar levels due to insulin resistance malfunction of the immune system. People with diabetes can experience fatigue, blurry vision, weight loss, and others.
How are they related?
Many researchers had a proposal that Alzheimer’s disease is to consider as type 3 diabetes. After clinical trials and evaluation, insulin resistance is an early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease.
The brain slowly adapts the signals when the body resists insulin and the metabolic system malfunctions. Once the brain adjusts to low insulin levels and blood flow abnormalities, brain damage will develop. Hence, people ages 65 and above are most likely to have Alzheimer’s disease as it has slow progress.
Risks and Complications
Type 3 diabetes risks increase if the patient is obese, lacks nutrients from fruits and vegetables, has long-term stress, irregular exercise, and often alcohol and illicit drugs intake.
Another risk factor of type 3 diabetes is a family history of diseases, such as heart complications, Alzheimer’s, and prediabetes. Unlike the risk factors above, these are uncontrollable and unpreventable.
However, this conclusion is not yet proven because only 3% of observed patients show possible genetic risks.
When risks increase, complications such as the severity of the disease are likely to follow. You may experience memory loss and inability to function independently as your brain will fail to bring commands and signals to your body.
Some symptoms are mostly related to Alzheimer’s disease. These are the following are the symptoms of Type 3 diabetes in general:
- Loss of memory
- Difficulty in decision-making and problem-solving
- Challenged with finishing familiar activities
- Frequent changes in mood or personality
- Forgets where things are
- Confusion with directions, time, and places
- New problems in terms of speaking and writing
- Difficulty in understanding spatial relationships
How is it diagnosed?
There are no particular laboratory tests and methods to perform to diagnose Type 3 diabetes. However, cognitive tests will most likely help confirm a diagnosis. It is to determine if the patient is showing symptoms of cognitive impairment such as the listed symptoms above.