What are the risk factors that increase the chances of miscarriage?
Various factors can increase a woman’s risk of going through a miscarriage. The risk is higher in women who:
- Are over 35 years of age
- Have had two or more consecutive miscarriages
- Smoking, drinking alcohol, and using drugs during pregnancy
- Are underweight or overweight
- Have some invasive prenatal genetic tests, such as chorionic villus sampling, and amniocentesis
How to diagnose miscarriage?
There are multiple tests to be conducted in order to detect a miscarriage.
Doctors generally perform a pelvic exam in order to check if your cervix has started to dilate. When it stops bleeding, you shall be able to continue with your routine activities.
If the cervix is dilated, you may have an incompetent cervix. In such a situation, a procedure needs to be performed to close the cervix – which is known as a cerclage, if the pregnancy is still applicable.
An ultrasound test is typically conducted if the symptoms of miscarriage are observed. It helps in determining if the pregnancy is intact and if there’s any fetal heartbeat.
Blood tests are undertaken to determine the level of the pregnancy hormone – HCG in your blood to evaluate the progress of the miscarriage, check anemia possibility, and your blood type.
If you have passed fetal tissue from your vagina, you must bring it to the hospital for analysis through the tissue tests.
If you have undergone 2 or more miscarriages in the past, you and your partner both need to go through chromosomal tests.
After completing these tests, your condition may fall into one of these categories:
- It’s a threatened miscarriage when you have bleeding but your cervix hasn’t begun to dilate. When you’re bleeding, cramping and your cervix has dilated already, miscarriage becomes inevitable. Your miscarriage remains incomplete when you have passed the fetus but some parts are still there in your uterus.
- It’s a missed miscarriage when the fetus is dead but the placental and embryonic tissues remain in the uterus. And when the embryo has completely emptied out of the uterus, it’s a complete miscarriage. If your uterus develops an infection, it falls under the septic miscarriage category.
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